雅思听力口语高分素材-剑桥雅思听力笔记精华回放-连载2

墨尔本文波雅思继续为大家带来剑桥雅思系列最完整最高效的听力笔记总结,提高听力分数的同时积累口语素材,一举两得。

剑桥雅思9

Test 2

Section 1 (Arrange accommodation in student’s hall of residence)

  1. I’m doing a course in nursing.
  2. A lot of students opt for that.
  3. We do have halls which tend to cater for slightly older students.

Section 2 (Wildlife Club + 地图题)

  1. information board

 

Section 3 (Future of Self-Access Centre)

  1. self-access

Section 4 (Company Cultures)

  1. *Company cultures include:

Power culture: usually found in small organizations

  • Control is in the hands of one or two people. Aren’t many rules or procedures.
  • Communication is usually in the form of conversations rather than written memos.
  • Can act quickly in response to threat, danger or opportunities.
  • Efficiency might be low.
  • Job security cannot be guaranteed. -> Suitable for risk-seekers.

 

Role culture: more often in large companies

  • Separate departments that specialize in different things.
  • Existence of senior managers.
  • Everyone is controlled by sets of rules and procedures.
  • Particularly successful in markets where technical expertise is important.
  • Can achieve economies of scale.
  • Low reaction speed to change. -> Suitable for people who value security and who don’t want to have responsibility (Risk-averse)

Task culture: in organizations that are project-oriented

  • Market is extremely competitive or products have short lif-span.
  • Can’t produce economies of scale or great depth of expertise. -> Suitable for people who like working in groups or teams.

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