…from all walks of life: 来自各行各业的…
Stanley of Yale University tested 40 subjects from all walks of life for their willingness to obey instructions given by a leader in a situation in which the subjects might feel a personal distaste for the actions they were called upon to perform.
be in the noble cause of： 打着…高贵事业的旗号
The experiment was in the noble cause of education
be in the interest of sb/sth: 符合…某人的利益；为某事物的缘故
sth that is not in the public interest 不符合公众利益的事
It would be in your interests to accept. 接受下来对你有利.
In the interest(s) of safety, no smoking is allowed. 为了安全, 严禁吸烟
administer a shock 实施电击
a spectrum of/an assortment of：很多= a range of
a spectrum of groans and screams together with an assortment of statements and expletives denouncing both the experiment and the experimenter.
as per the instructions= according to the instructions
as the experiment unfolded 随着实验的开展
account for the discrepancy： 接受差异
account for the discrepancy between what calm and rational people predict in the comfort of their study and what pressured , flustered but cooperative teachers actually do？
one’s first inclination： 一个人的第一倾向
discharge the pent-up primal urge onto the pupil
hard-core： having an extreme way of life or an extreme belief that is very unlikely to change
a hard-core drug addict；hard-core racists
carry out the experiment： 做实验
evokes trust： 引起信任
The psychological laboratory has a strong claim to legitimacy and evokes trust and confidence in those who perform there.
a malevolent person, look, smile 恶毒的人﹑ 神色﹑ 微笑
forgo their sense of personal responsibility 放弃个人责任感
elucidate the biological basis 澄清生理基础