雅思写作中的经典词汇误用100条-连载02

每次看到墨尔本文波雅思学员的有些写作错误,我就痛心疾首,感觉自己在一遍一遍的改一样的错误。我就希望汇集一个常见经典错误集,让每一个要考7分写作的同学先读读。今天墨尔本文波雅思就给大家讲下lack 这个词:

lack / læk; læk/ v

1.及物动词[不用於被动语态] 没有(某事物); 缺乏; 不足:

lack creativity, self-discipline, courage 缺乏创造性﹑ 自制力﹑ 勇气 *

They lacked the money to send him to university. 他们没钱送他上大学. *

What he lacks in experience he makes up for in enthusiasm. 他热心工作以弥补其经验的不足.
2. 不及物动词:[不用於被动语态] ~ for sth (fml 文) need sth 需耍某事物:

They lacked for nothing,他们无所需求(已应有尽有).
(idm 习语) be `lacking  缺:

Money for the project is still lacking. 进行这个项目的钱还没有着落.

be lacking in sth not have enough of sth 不足; 不够: be lacking in warmth, courage, strength 缺乏温暖﹑ 勇气﹑ 力气 *

The film was lacking in pace. 这部影片不紧凑.

 

> lack n [U, sing] absence or shortage (of sth that is needed) (所需事物的)缺乏, 短缺: a lack of care, money, water 缺乏关心﹑ 金钱﹑ 水 *

The project had to be abandoned for lack of funds. 工程因资金匮乏只得放弃.

文波老师点评:

lack 这个词既是及物动词,也是不及物动词,而且也是名词。所以很多同学用混了。最常见的错误是 be lack of…. 四不像。还有就是用做名词的时候是不可数。一般为 for lack of+名词 但是也见过a lack of…

简单记为:

Sth lacks sth

Sth is lacking in sth

Sth fails for a lack of sth/lack of sth(复数).

 

经典搭配:

a lack of planning on your part  你缺少规划!

a lack of boundaries invites a lack of respect 缺少界限就缺少尊重!

a lack of compassion can be as vulgar as an excess of tears 缺少同情和眼泪泛滥一样粗陋。

 

墨尔本文波雅思原创

 

 

 

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