雅思PTE写作热点素材解析-连载4:莫纳什校长当选澳洲首席科学家谈能源

科技和教育一直是写作考试中的主流话题。今天墨尔本文波雅思就为大家解析一篇充满学术气息和高分写作技巧的科教类新闻报道。

文中有许多可以在大作文里运用的高分词汇搭配,看完一定更要做好笔记噢!

 

Australia has named Dr Alan Finkel, an engineer and vocal advocate of (“声援支持者”)nuclear power, as its next chief scientist.

The appointment was announced (“宣布任命”)by new Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull at a press conference (“新闻发布会”)on Tuesday.

Dr Finkel has previously outlined a vision for an “electric planet” and told reporters he wanted Australia to use “no oil, gas or coal“.(注意时态)

He was previously Chancellor of Australia’s Monash University and takes over from (“接管”)Professor Ian Chubb.

Speaking at the press conference, Dr Finkel acknowledged that (承认观点)Australia could not get rid of coal “overnight”.

My vision is for a country, a society, a world where we don’t use any coal, oil, or natural gas because we have zero-emissions electricity (“零排放”无污染电力)in huge abundance,(“非常丰富”的学术表达)” he said.

“But you can’t get there overnight(“一夜之间”). What we need to do is optimise (“优化”技术)the technology so we can cost-effectively introduce alternatives(“低成本引进替代能源”,复合副词靠前强调).

The best way to get rid of coal is to introduce alternatives that deliver value at a reasonable price rather than just arbitrarily(“武断地”,高分词汇) turning it off.”(the best way…is to do… rather than doing…常用的高分句式)

Australia currently has no nuclear power industry and relies heavily on fossil fuels.

Dr Finkel’s appointment comes amid(“在其间”,抽象连词) a call(“呼吁”)by 61 prominent (“杰出的”,高分词汇)Australians, including the author Richard Flanagan and Wallabies rugby player David Pocock, for a global ban on new coalmines and coalmine expansions(“禁止全球煤矿扩张”).

Previous Prime Minister Tony Abbott was a staunch supporter of(“坚定支持者”) coal power, saying “coal is good for humanity” and its use should go “up and up and up in the years and decades to come(地道表达“未来几十年”)”.

Australia has two massive new coal mines on the way. One, the $16bn Carmichael project in Queensland’s Galilee Basin(插入说明), was last week given final approval by Mr Turnbull’s government.

Mr Turnbull on Tuesday dismissed (“摒弃”)the idea of a moratorium(“终止”,高分词汇) on coal arguing that it would make no difference to global emissions as importers would simply buy it elsewhere.(好结构,注意非谓语动词和虚拟语气)

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