雅思写作高分范文及解析-教育类-rote-learning

有同学反映自己看雅思写作范文并不能深入了解范文的高分之处,今天墨尔本文波雅思再为大家解析一篇A类教育类的大作文范文,希望对大家有所帮助。

Some people think rote learning (memorization of information through frequent repetition) is not useful for schools today. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

 

构思过程

题目问机械学习(死记硬背)在学校教育里是否有用,理性分析后我们得出,虽然单调的死记硬背是不可取的,但重复记忆始终是学习过程中重要的基础环节,不能说没有用处。文章结构应先让步说明不能过度强调死记硬背,然后再详细分类说重复记忆的好处和重要性。

 

第一段 Introduction

For years, educators have been complaining about (注意动词时态)the adverse effects (“负面影响”,词汇搭配多样)that the traditional technique of rote memorization has exerted on(“施加于”,高分词汇,对于前面的adverse effects schooling(同义词替换).

 

第二段 承认学生不能只停留在死记硬背

Overemphasis (“过分强调”)on rote memorization(同义替换), doubtless, (“无疑地”,副词插入语表强调)inhibits the learning process (“抑制了学习过程”,词汇多样). Once young students acquire the data they need, they tend to stop there if they are not encouraged to analyse this data (条件假设,逻辑清晰). Essentially(“本质上”,高分词汇), education that overemphasises rote learning makes students worship(“崇拜”,高分词汇) the taught “facts”, just as (无痕迹引出例证)the European clergy (“牧师”)did with their holy scriptures in medieval times (“中世纪圣经”,词汇丰富多样)and as the test-takers in China did with the Confucian orthodoxy (“儒家正学”)in the Ming and Qing Dynasties. (举例论证精彩,句式多样)

 

第三段 强调观点,与运用相结合的机械背诵是有好处的

Even so (转折), I believe rote learning still holds certain unique advantages (搭配准确多样), which mainly have to do with practicality (“实用性”,高分词汇).

 

第四段 论点一,少儿时期记忆能力大于理解能力,靠记忆学习效率高

Day-care and kindergarten children and lower-elementary (“小学低年级”)students are far better at remembering data than at (介词对应准确)comprehending (“理解”,高分词汇) concepts and theories. So as (无痕迹引出类比论证)a learning process, merely committing information to memory (同义词替换)through repetition would be more realistic and more efficient for children in this age group than understanding abstractions (“抽象概念”,高分词汇)at such a young age.

 

第五段 论点二,高等教育中许多知识也需要先记忆再运用

Even for upper-elementary, secondary school students and university undergraduates whose main task is to develop a more independent mind (even for…whose从句无痕迹让步对比, develop a independent mind用词准确), rote learning also carries certain benefits. For instance, the grammatical points in language learning, historical and geographic facts as well as physical and chemical equations all require certain amounts of rote memorization before they can be actively applied by the students.(举例丰富词汇多样)

 

第六段 总结观点

Thus, I would argue that rote learning can be beneficial when (同义替换)it is not regarded as an end in itself, but as (not regarded as…but as…转折对比,句式多样,一句话概括全文结构)the process of laying the groundwork (“奠定基础”,高分词汇)for the subsequent acquisition of conceptual knowledge and the development of critical thinking skills (词汇多样,总结全面,线性逻辑清晰).

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