miss out （on）: 错过
Unquestionably, that is a real need, but since parents don’t normally send children to pre-schools until the age of three, are we missing out on the most important years of all?
suppress one’s curiosity： 压抑人的好奇心
in an attempt to overcome that educational under-achievement, a nationwide programme was launched in the United States in 1965. A lot of money was poured into it.
substantial funding： 投资巨大
Despite substantial funding, results have been disappointing.
bypassing the parents: 绕过父母
Working with the family, rather than bypassing the parents, is the most effective way of helping children get off to the best possible start in life.
interfere with: 干扰
make check-ups: 进行检查
periodic check-ups of the child’s educational and sensory development were made to detect possible handicaps that interfere with growth and development.
make visits to…拜访…
make personal visits to homes and monthly group meetings were held
a cross-section of: 多样的
a cross-section of children selected from the same range of socio-economic backgrounds and family situations
make greater strides in…: 在…取得了极大进步
By the age of three, the children in the programme were significantly more advanced in language development than their peers, and made greater strides in problem solving and other intellectual skills, and were further along tin t social development.
A bears little or no relationship to B A 和B没有什么关系
growing evidence that…越来越多的证据表明…
There is growing evidence in New Zealand that children…
at an astounding rate: 以一种令人震惊的速率
The fertile land of the Nile delta is being eroded along the coast at an astounding rate.
blame A on sb、sth 责怪某人、某事导致了A
Up to now, people have blamed this loss of delta land on the two large dams at Aswan in the south of Egypt, which hold back virtually all of the sediment that used to flow down the river.
dispense with 不用…
dispense with sb/sth： manage without sb/sth; get rid of sb/sth
He is not yet well enough to dispense with the pills. 他尚未痊愈, 仍需吃药.
Let’s dispense with formalities! 咱们不必拘礼了.
Formalities were dispensed with, ie People could speak frankly or naturally. 免除了客套. Automation has largely dispensed with the need for manual checking, ie made it unnecessary.
replenish the coastline 补充海岸线
be home to… 是…的家园
Cairo region, which is home to more than 40 million people, is famous for…
build up （动词短语）堆积
Pollutants are building up faster and faster.
built-up area: A place that is built-up is one where there are a lot of buildings
He was fined for speeding in a built-up area
make a comeback 归来
make a strong comeback 强势归来
Artificial intelligence was big in the1980s, but vanished in the 1990s.
re-entered public consciousness 重新进入大众的意识
ignite public debate 点燃大众对于…讨论
inverted commas 引号
n [C, U] (sl 俚) (piece of) misleading and exaggerated publicity 天花乱坠的宣传报道:
The public were not fooled by all the hype.言过其实的种种报道并没有愚弄得了公众.
> hype v (phr v) hype sth up (sl 俚) publicize sth in a wildly exaggerated way 言过其实地宣传某事物: The movie has been hyped up far beyond its worth. 这部影片被吹得离了谱了.
over-ambitious and under-achieving：（形容词短语）野心过大，表现欠佳–心比天高命比纸薄
Al has moved on from being seen as an over-ambitious and under-achieving field of research
captures the public imagination 抓住公众的想象力
AI was a term that captures the public imagination.
AI peaked in 1985.
be around the corner： 即将到来
A breakthrough was just around the corner.
a false dawn: 错误的曙光something that seems positive or hopeful but really is not
There was talk of share prices recovering, but that was just a false dawn.
materialise BrE /məˈtɪəriəlaɪz US -ˈtɪr-/ v [I] to happen or appear in the way that you expected
Problems were expected, but they never materialized.
The money we had been promised failed to materialize .
The figure of a man suddenly materialized in the shadows.
backlash: 逆潮a strong negative reaction by a number of people against recent events, especially against political or social developments
The 1970s saw the first backlash against the emerging women’s movement.
The management fear a backlash from angry fans over the team’s recent poor performances
retrench / rɪˈtrentʃ; rɪˋtrɛntʃ/ v (fml 文)
[I] make economies or reduce expenses 节省; 削减费用; 紧缩开支: Inflation has forced us to retrench. 因通货膨胀我们不得不紧缩开支
Ironically, in some ways AI was a victim of its own success.
in the first place 一开始
The trousers shrank when I washed them, but they weren’t really big enough in the first place.
Thankfully, he wasn’t hurt, but he never should have been there in the first place.
joke v. 开玩笑
Researchers joked that AI stood for ‘almost implemented’.
fall well within the umbrella of… 属于…之下
Yet all the three branches fell well within the umbrella of AI research.
live up to the claims 达到它的名声
in particular, the problem of information overload, exacerbated by the growth of e-mail and the explosion in the number of web pages, means there are plenty of opportunities for new technologies to help filter and categorise information.
meet the challenge 接受…挑战
remains elusive 仍然难以捉摸
elusive：adj (a) tending to escape or disappear; difficult to capture 躲避的; 难以捕捉的:
a most elusive criminal 极难逮捕的罪犯.
an elusive perfume 难以捉摸的香味
an elusive word 难记的词
coin the term 造了一个术语