457签证雅思5分基础语法:形容词和副词比较级、最高级

墨尔本文波雅思的5分班老师细心的为零基础的同学总结了课堂笔记,需要考5分的同学不要错过哦!部分语法基础没打好的6分同学要看哦!

形容词和副词比较级、最高级

  1. 规则形式:一般说来,单音节词及少数双音节词在后加-er/ -est 来构成比较级和最高级;其他双音节词及多音节词在前加more/ most,如:great-greater-greatest, busy-busier-busiest, important-more important-(the)most important

不规则形容词的比较级和最高级形式

原 级 比 较 级 最 高 级 原 级 比 较 级 最 高 级
good / well better best bad / badly/ ill worse worst
many / much more most little / few less least
far farther / further farthest / furthest

*以后缀-ly结尾的副词是在原形前加more/ most,如:quickly →more quickly →most quickly

  1. 形容词比较等级的用法:

1) 表示两者的比较:形容词的比较级+than. 如:He is cleverer than the other boys.

2) 表示两者以上的比较:the +形容词最高级(+名词)+of /in …如:He is the cleverest boy in his class.

3) 表示两者是同等程度:as +形容词原级+as. 如:He is as tall as I.

  1. 比较级句型:

1) Who / Which + be +比较级, A or B ? 如:Which is more beautiful, Beijing or Shanghai?

2) be + the 比较级 + of the two. (两个之中比较…的那一个),如:John is the more polite of the two boys.

3) The + 形容词比较级…, the + 形容词比较级…(越…就越…),如:

The harder you study, the more/greater progress you make. 你越努力,取得的进步就越大

4) 形容词/副词比较级 + and +形容词/副词比较级(越来越…)。如:Our city is more and more beautiful.

5) 形容词/副词比较级 + than + any other +名词单数形,如:Shanghai is larger than any other city in China.

6) 形容词/副词比较级 + than + the other +名词复数形式,如:It’s also cheaper than the other stores.

  1. 关于比较级的几个需要注意的问题:

1)为了加强语气,在比较级前面加表示相差程度的状语,常见的有much, far, even, still, a lot, a little, any, rather, a bit, a great deal等,如:We’d better wait a little longer. Peter and Tom will come very soon.

2) less + 形容词的原级 + than表示“不如、不及”, 如:This computer is less expensive than that one.

  1. 最高级的句型:

1) Who / Which + be +the+最高级, A, B, or C ? 如:Who is the most foolish, Jack, Tom or you?

2)be + the +最高级+in /of / among +比较范围,如:He is the laziest worker in the factory.

3) ~ + be + one of the + 最高级 + 复数名词(最……的……之一),如:The Yellow River is one of the longest rivers in China. 黄河是中国最长的河流之一。

4)~ + be +the + 序数词 +最高级 +单数名词 + 范围(~是…….的第几……),如:China is the third largest country in the world.

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