PTE听力口语练习-科学60秒-essay-topics

PTE考生目前最大的问题之一就是PTE练习题的缺乏。除了有限的PTE官方教材(PTE PLUS,PTE Testbuilder, PTE OG)之外,就没有题了。很多英语基础不是很扎实的同学很难找到练习材料。墨尔本悉尼文波雅思PTE培训学校专门为墨尔本,悉尼PTE考生准备了适合PTE听力阅读练习的科学60秒。各位PTE同学可以练习PTE听力中的summarise spoken text和PTE口语中的retell lecture,PTE听力口语-科学60秒-英语标题 练习记笔记技巧和复述。废话少说,下面开始:


When it comes to communicating ideas, brevity is all the rage. 在谈到交流想法时,当下简单明了最为流行。
Take a look at Twitter, which allows just 140 characters to speak your piece. 看看推特,仅能用140个字符表达你的想法。
Now scientists, it seems, could learn a lesson from the power of the tweet. 现在科学家们看来已从推特的影响力中吸取到了经验。
Because a new study shows that scientific papers with shorter titles receive more citations. 因为一项新的研究发现科学论文标题越简短引用度越高。
The article, tidily entitled The advantage of short paper titles,is in the Royal Society journal Open Science. 这篇有着简单明了标题名为《简洁论文标题优势》的论文已在皇家学会期刊《开放科学》上发表。
Scientific careers can be made or waylaid on the basis of publications. 科研事业奠定的基础取决于论文的发表。
And the success of individual articles is often determined by how frequently those papers are referenced in other publications. 但是,个人论文取得的成功通常是由这些文章被引用的频率所决定。
But what makes a paper popular? 但是是什么才能让论文受欢迎呢?
Previous studies of the length of an article’s title have yielded mixed findings, perhaps due to relatively small sample sizes. 先前关于论文标题长度的研究有着各种各样的结论,可能是研究样本数量少的缘故。
So researchers decided to cast a wider net. 因此研究人员决定扩大范围。
Fishing in an academic database called Scopus, they pulled out the most highly cited 20,000 papers for each of the seven years from 2007 to 2013. 他们在一个名为斯高帕斯的数据库中挑选了2万篇在2007至2013年间发表的引用频率最多的文章。
And they found that papers with terser titles top the citation count. 他们发现引用率靠前的论文标题都是简明扼要。
Even when the researchers took into account the journal in which the publication appeared 即便如此,研究人员将发表这些论文刊登的期刊作为考量因素,
some have stricter restrictions on title length than do others—the findings held true. 因为有些对于标题有着严格的要求控制,但结果仍然准确。
Of course title length isn’t everything. 当然标题长度并非全部。
The article’s content and subject area obviously attract different levels of interest. 文章的内容及主题显然会吸引不同的关注层面。
But a snappy title can’t hurt. 但时髦欢快的标题也并没有关系。
I mean, which would you rather read, an article from The Journal of Immunology with the title: 我意思是,你会读《免疫学》期刊上刊登的这篇文章吗?标题是:
Exposure of phosphatidylserine on the surface of apoptotic lymphocytes triggers specific recognition and removal by macrophages. 《凋亡淋巴细胞表面磷脂酰丝氨酸引发巨噬细胞的特异性辨识与去除》
Or a related article from the journal Cell Death and Differentiation simply called:Phosphatidylserine, a death knell. 还是《细胞死亡与分化》期刊上的这篇《死亡丧钟磷脂酰丝氨酸》。
You, me and John Donne will probably pick the short and quick. 相信无论是你,我,还是约翰?多恩,可能都会选择那篇标题简明扼要的吧。

 

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