PTE Re-tell Lecture 真实讲座练习题:认知变革

在PTE中,无论是Summarise Spoken Text 还是 Re-tell Lecture的考题大都是从真实的讲座或者演讲中截取的,中间经常经常夹杂很多不同的环境音.很多同学都反映有时未必是听不懂,而是听不到. 鉴于此,墨尔本文波雅思PTE专门为大家总结了真实讲座的PTE练习音频,相比新闻音频来说,整体更加接近PTE考试的真题,内容方面,我们也会为大家提供考试中存在的近似题,最近我们会持续更新,敬请期待!

I’m Steve Pinker and I’m Harvard college professor and Johnstone family professor, Harvard department of Psychology. The Cognitive Revolution which took place at Harvard was the start after modern scientific study of the mind. Who study something like the mind you like to think that you’re a scientist, you face the immediate problem of what we do with these things called mental contents, thoughts, emotions, images, plans, rules, you can’t see them, you can’t taste them, then you can’t feel them. If you’re a scientist you are supposed to be studying things that you can see measure and manipulate, how do you even begin with a science of mind. Well, the answer is the dominated psychology in the middle part of the 20th century where it just to give up all talks of mental contents. This is the school of behaviorism and came to take over American psychology until the early 1950s when a number of scholars with ties to Harvard started to rethink that whole idea when we talk about how computers work you can’t get around computing internal states to them. Computers have memories, they have goal states, they execute plans and if you could do that, about a hunk of metal and you are not being unscientific why should be on the scientific to say those things about a human being. The result was called Cognitive Science included both experimental psychology, people who study other humans in the lab with linguistics, including the famous theories of linguist Noam Chomsky who was here at Harvard as a society fellow, a computer science and artificial intelligence and later neuroscience.


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