PTE Re-tell Lecture 真实讲座练习题:日本第一次经济奇迹

在PTE中,无论是Summarise Spoken Text 还是 Re-tell Lecture的考题大都是从真实的讲座或者演讲中截取的中间经常经常夹杂很多不同的环境音.很多同学都反映有时未必是听不懂,而是听不到. 鉴于此,墨尔本悉尼文波雅思PTE专门为大家总结了真实讲座的PTE练习音频,相比新闻音频来说,整体更加接近PTE考试的真题,内容方面,我们也会为大家提供考试中存在的近似题,最近我们会持续更新,敬请期待!

Hello, you may be familiar with Japan’s economic miracle after World War Two, but did you know that the first economic miracle actually took place in the 12th century, that is when Japan became the only medieval society in the world, to monetize its economy with the help of foreign coins, more precisely Chinese copper coins, like the ones I am holding right here. But why would society that was based on rice and silk as barter suddenly import China’s currency? Well, these coins were originally imported by traders for its copper to make various implements. Once available, however, merchants became using them in transactions, and within just over one century, Japan has been cash based, so in sharp contrast to European medieval economies, Japan monetized without minting a single coin of its own. What do we learn from this? Above all, it shows that there were different patterns of economic development, and that the crucial players here were Chinese and Japanese traders rather than governments. Without them, the coins would have never reached Japan and Japan would never have experienced its first economic miracle.