雅思写作分类素材词汇积累-动物权利类

在雅思学术类考试中,无论是写作还是阅读都会出现关于动物权利的论题和文章。如果有参加过今年1月31日的烤鸭应该还会记得当时阅读中有一片关于灵长类动物权利讨论的文章。在写作task2中,动物保护topics也经常出现。这样我们平时就应该阅读相关报道,以积累好的词句和观点素材。

Should Animals Have Legal Rights?Reasoning and Suffering Blur the Lines (这里blur用作动词,表示模糊了界线,这个是口语写作中涉及到讨论两难问题的很好用的表达方式)

We’re All Animals

By Guido Bajaña Yude

The renowned jurist Eugenio Zaffaroni once said, “I do not see how the realization of human rights is possible without also recognizing that other animal species are subjects of law.” Throughout history, legal claims (对legal rights的同义替换) have helped us advance as a society, and we owe great debt to animals (我们对动物亏欠很多,在有关animal experimentation的topic中可以用在introduction段里的背景介绍), since they are the most vulnerable and abused members of our society (最易受伤害和虐待的社会成员,这层意思可作为动物需要被立法保护的论据之一).

Gradually, we have granted certain moral and legal considerations to them(注意动词grant的使用,意为自上而下地授予,这里字里行间表达人类一直以来对带动物权利问题上自持的高姿态;授予权利grant rights,授予许可grant approval). Morality encompasses a wide sphere, and as time goes by, it will expand and become more inclusive to all those who form our society, including animals.

The Cartesian theory that animals are merely machines is extinct, and science has verified the ability of animals to feel (反对动物实验的论据). “The question is not can they reason, nor can they talk, but can they suffer?” as Jeremy Benthamwrote in the late 18th century. Human and non-human animals share this important quality.

To protect animals under the law also allows us to protect humans from violence. Any law that seeks the protection of animals is one that aims to achieve a peaceful society (a law that seeks… 目的为…的法律;任何以保护动物为目的的法律都是为了实现社会的和平 – 保护动物行为后的深意,烤鸭们可以自己思考和搜阅相关文章). In the specific case of the Organic Law on Animal Welfare (LOBA) in Ecuador, there are various goals being sought.

First, the law aims to change the legal status of the animals (注意段落开头的topic sentence,这素材可以作为one of the solutions to animal protection或prohibition to animal testing), since according to Ecuadorian civil code they are merely things that move, when we know that is not the case. Such consideration to animals needs to change, and laws should adapt to the times we are living. We need legislation to be more inclusive to other species.

Furthermore, a number of studies have shown a strong correlation between animal violence and social violence (topic sentence,可积累作为论证动物保护重要性的论据之一). According to the FBI, most mass murderers and serial killers are likely to have first practiced their acts of cruelty on animals, before moving on to their own species.

With a proposal like LOBA, the goal is to significantly reduce the problem of interpersonal violence by striking at the root of the matter (从根源打击/解决问题), which is animal violence.

The understanding that animals are subjects of law should not be surprising, since laws and the solutions to many of the problems we face today point to a more progressive world.

We should all let go of the “dominant species of the world” mentality (要摒弃我们是“万物主宰者”这样一种观念), and realize that we are all animals. Our natural differences should not be an excuse to abuse non-humans.(学习一下这个用should情态动词句表达支持动物保护的观点)

Finally, we need to understand that non-human animals have their own purpose in this world. They are not living for us, but with us.(有说服力的支持动物保护的论据:动物活在世上有自己的生存目的,他们并不是为了我们人类而存在,而是与我们共同组成这个世界)

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