Some people think that the best way to reduce crime is to give criminals longer prison sentences. Others, however, think there are better ways to reduce crime. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.
The rising crime rate has led to increasing public debate about how to reduce crime.（讨论类话题结构：首段只有一句话，交代背景。主体段分段讨论两方观点，结尾短最后给出结论）
Some people think that sentencing offenders to longer prison terms is the best way to reduce crime. They argue that if the punishment for crime is not harsh enough it cannot deter potential criminals, and a high proportion of offenders will re-offend.Also, it is mainly through imprisonment that criminals are forced to reflect on their crimes. Longer prison terms are therefore more likely to make offenders change their behaviour and become law-abiding citizens after they are released from prison.
Others, however, believe, that there are better ways to reduce crime. Increased police patrols in neighbourhood with high crime levels can effectively deter crime in these areas, while censorship of violent scenes in the media can reduce people’s exposure to media violence and help to reduce violent behaviour among them.
If the government provides people with better and more affordable education and job training, and creates more employment opportunities by improving the economy, poverty and crime rates will also decline. Even if we depend on prison to reduce crime, providing prisoners with job training programmes is better than giving them longer prison terms because job training can help them to find jobs and develop careers after serving their sentences. By contrast, having to spend longer periods in prison would damage prisoners’ health and lead to resentment among them.
My own view is that punishing criminals with longer prison terms may be effective in deterring them from re-offending. However, reducing media violence, creating more job opportunities and rehabilitating offenders into useful members of society are more constructive measures to reduce crime.