Discuss what advantages and disadvantages brought by modernization?
Modernisation has made great progress, in recent decades, and become one of the most important trends for many old cities, worldwide. However, a criticism often levelled these days that the adverse consequences of this renovation, such as cultural erosion, environmental damage and social ills, have plagued the urban community and its people. Therefore, despite it being a strong stimulant to local economy, modernisation clearly gives rise to negative effects. I will discuss both the pros and cons of this social development.
Admittedly, being updated to a rejuvenated city, local society and its people benefit greatly in many ways. Most importantly, the economies and financial status of the old regions will grow to become more robust as the number of investment opportunities increase. Incoming millionaires and large companies will promote their new projects and invest huge amounts of money and resources in various fields such as modern shopping malls, multi-functional apartments, theme parks and many other cash-generating facilities. All of these not only lead to a higher revenue for the local community, but, more importantly, provide local people with a more comfortable and convenient lifestyle. For example, in a shopping mall, people get to shop from clothes to foods and household items, they can choose to spend time either in a classic restaurant or a fancy movie theatre, or have a drink in a newly refurbished bar. Moreover, such a development can help decrease the unemployment rate as flourishing constructions require more human capital to cope with the demand.
However, local communities may suffer badly from the rapid development. Sites of ancient architectures would be converted into roads and modern skyscrapers. While the landscape of cities would wear facade of a concrete jungle, this would be devastating to the traditional ways of living. What is even worse, it leaves people with nowhere to remember and cherish the value of local history and culture. In addition, with entertaining complexes, such as casinos, strip clubs and bars, undesirable influences would envelop modernised districts. It is no wonder that Las Vegas records a skyrocketing figure of gamblers, drunkards and nocturnal individuals.
In conclusion, while modern development can yield high financial profits, it also produces harmful cultural erosion and social woes.