雅思PTE必看素材-描述数据&解释观点-美国留学生剧增-中国印度不分伯仲

今天墨尔本文波雅思为大家分析一篇留学教育类的热点文章,无论在雅思A类大小作文还是PTE考试中都可以运用。该文详细列举了目前美国留学生的数量增长、学校排名和专业选择,继而通过对一名阿三哥的采访分析了这种现象背后的深层原因,相信看完一定会对大家有所启发,槽点在哪你懂的!

 

U.S. Colleges See A Big Bump (隆起,形容突然增长)In International Students

 

The number of international students studying at U.S. colleges and universities jumped last year — in a big way. It’s up 10 percent, to roughly 975,000, according to a new report by the Institute of International Education and backed by the State Department.

注意学习用bump或者jump这类生动的词描述增长

 

In 2014-15, China was still the largest source of students with 31 percent of the total. India was in second place with nearly 14 percent. And Indian students were a big reason for the overall jump.

中国依然是老大,印度紧随其后

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Data from The Institute of International Education Open Doors Report, 2015.

The Institute of International Education

 

Shreyas Manohar, 21, came from Nagpur — one of India’s largest cities — to study at Columbia University, where he’s now a sophomore(大学二年级生).

 

Manohar has at least one thing in common with most of his fellow sophomores: He’s not sure what he wants to do with his life.

 

“I’m majoring in creative writing,” he says. “And I’m on the fence about (习语搭配,持观望态度)economics.”

 

He jokes that it’s a choice every international student has to make: “Whether he actually studies what he actually likes, or whether he does something which is practical and which he can tell his parents that is redeemable(可换回的)for a job later.”

 

If Manohar ultimately chooses economics, he’ll be in good company(习语搭配,指会和不少人一样). According to the new report, one in five international students comes to the U.S. to study business and management. It’s tied with (打平,十分接近)the other top field, engineering.

商科和工程类专业最火

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Data from The Institute of International Education Open Doors Report, 2015.

The Institute of International Education

 

Why is the U.S. such a popular destination? Its higher education system has long been known for its quality(以教育质量著称). That reputation has, in the past decade, expanded beyond the Ivy League (常春藤盟校)— and so have many international students, says Allan Goodman, president of the IIE.

 

“They can get a great education at many institutions in all kinds of climates and settings here in America,” Goodman says.

 

Top U.S. Institutions Hosting International Students, 2014/15

  1. New York University — 13,178
    2. University of Southern California — 12,334
    3. Columbia University — 11,510
    4. Arizona State University – 11,330
    5. University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign — 11,223
    6. Northeastern University — 10,559
    7. Purdue University, West Lafayette — 10,230
    8. University of California, Los Angeles — 10,209
    9. Michigan State University — 8,146
    10. University of Washington — 8,035

 

There’s another reason the U.S. is so attractive. In many countries, a national exam determines every student’s future: One bad day, and a student’s options can narrow dramatically.

描述各国一天高考决定命运的现状

 

So, Goodman says, many look to the U.S., where “you still have an opportunity to take courses in college and pursue the career of your choice rather than the career that is chosen for you based on your exam results.”

rather than对比高等教育选择权

 

Shreyas Manohar is Exhibit A. He says India’s exam-based system (应试体制)is a huge barrier — even for many good students.

 

“You have so much pressure to succeed,” he explains, “and because of that, naturally, many people don’t do as well as they normally should have.”

学习压力大的弊病

 

He considered studying economics at an Indian university but, he says, “to get into the best econ colleges, I needed a 97 or 98 percent on my final exam, and still that wouldn’t guarantee my admission(无法保证入学).”

 

Instead, Manohar decided to apply to schools in the U.S., where he could study what he wanted and still earn a prestigious (有名望的,高分词)degree. But, as is true for many international students, that degree comes with a steep price(地道搭配,过高的价格,steep陡峭的). Manohar is paying for school without financial aid, he says, “even though that’s very tough for my family, and my family has to go through a lot.”

 

According to the IIE report, roughly 80 percent of international undergraduates say personal and family savings are their primary source of education funding. Graduate students have it a little better. That number drops to 55 percent.

学费大多来自父母积蓄

 

The Department of Commerce reports that international students contributed nearly $31 billion to the U.S. economy in the 2014-15 school year.

留学生撑起美国经济

 

As for Manohar, he says he figured out the net benefit of earning a degree at Columbia and believes it will pay off in a few years.

 

Unless he chooses creative writing over economics. That could take a little longer.

选自己喜欢的专业是否绕了远路?热门专业才对得起家长和职场的要求?

 

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