防暑降温-Keep your cool-教你如何在酷暑高温中保持清凉!

最近墨尔本的酷热天气真是让小编我“酷”成了热锅上的小蚂蚁啊!文波雅思用地道英语教你如何在高温中真正cool起来!为所有在酷暑中鏖战备考的小伙伴们加油降温!

 

Keep Your Cool in Hot Weather

Learn about heat-related illness and how to stay cool and safe in hot weather.

Now is the time to prepare for the high temperatures that kill hundreds of people every year. Extreme heat caused 7,415 heat-related deaths in the United States from 1999 to 2010(不要被开头吓到!真的有很多人被活活热死了!). Heat-related deaths and illness are preventable(可预防的), yet annually many people succumb to(屈服于) extreme heat(不能向高温低头!).

Take measures to stay cool, remain hydrated(含水的) and to keep informed. Getting too hot can make you sick. You can become ill from the heat if your body can’t compensate for(补偿) it and properly cool you off. The main things affecting your body’s ability to cool itself during extremely hot weather are:

  • High humidity(湿度).When the humidity is high, sweat won’t evaporate(蒸发) as quickly, which keeps your body from releasing heat as fast as it may need to.

湿度越高越闷热,汗液无法蒸发散热

  • Personal factors.Age, obesity, fever, dehydration(脱水), heart disease, mental illness, poor circulation(循环换气), sunburn, and prescription drug and alcohol use can play a role in whether a person can cool off enough in very hot weather.

Those who are at highest risk include people 65 and older, children younger than two, and people with chronic diseases or mental illness.  Closely monitor people who depend on you for their care:

  • Are they drinking enough water?
  • Do they have access to air conditioning?
  • Do they need help keeping cool?

People at greatest risk for heat-related illness can take the following protective actions(保护措施) to prevent illness or death:

  • Stay in air-conditioned buildings as much as possible(找空调楼避难). Contact your local health department or locate an air-conditioned shelter in your area. Air-conditioning is the number one protective factor(好吧,空调是老大) against heat-related illness and death. If a home is not air-conditioned, people can reduce their risk for heat-related illness by spending time in public facilities that are air-conditioned, and using air conditioning in vehicles(车载空调).
  • Do not rely on a fan as your primary cooling device during an extreme heat event (请不要依赖风扇).
  • Drink more water than usual and don’t waituntil you’re thirsty to drink(多喝水).
  • Check on a friend or neighbor and have someone do the same for you.
  • Don’t use the stove or oven to cook—it will make you and your house hotter(请不要用炉子烤箱做饭自寻死路!).

Even young and healthy people can get sick from the heat if they participate in strenuous(紧张费力的) physical activities during hot weather:

  • Limit outdoor activity, especially midday when the sun is hottest(避免户外运动).
  • Wear and reapply sunscreen(防晒油,注意动词wear和reapply) as indicated on the package.
  • Pace(慢步走) Start activities slow and pick up the pace gradually.
  • Drink more water than usual and don’t wait until you’re thirsty to drink more. Muscle cramping (抽筋)may be an early sign of heat-related illness.
  • Wear loose, lightweight, light-colored(穿宽松轻便的浅色衣服)

If you participate on a sports team that practices during hot weather protect yourself and look out for your teammates:

  • Schedule(作动词) workouts and practices earlier or later in the day when the temperature is cooler.
  • Monitor a teammate’s condition, and have someone do the same for you.
  • Seek medical care immediately if you or a teammate has symptoms of heat-related illness.

Everyone should take these steps to prevent heat-related illnesses, injuries, and deaths during hot weather:

  • Stay in an air-conditioned indoor location as much as possible.
  • Drink plenty of fluids even if you don’t feel thirsty.
  • Schedule outdoor activities carefully.
    • Wear loose, lightweight, light-colored clothing and sunscreen.
    • Pace yourself.
  • Take cool showers or baths to cool down.(别忘了冲凉降温)
  • Check on a friend or neighbor and have someone do the same for you.
  • Never leave children or pets in cars (永远不要把小孩和宠物留在车里!Never!).
  • Check the local news for health and safety updates.

 

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