雅思写作语法之:动名词–墨尔本文波雅思

动名词是非谓语动词的一种,它由动词原形加-ing构成,形式上与现在分词相同。动名词除具有动词性质外,还具有名词的性质。动名词在句中可用作主语、表语、宾语、定语、宾语补足语等,但不能用作谓语(故称不定式为非谓语动词)

国外的同学请看这里:

国内的同学看下面:

动名词
1.能做什么成分?

1.1作主语

1.2.作宾语

1.3.表语

1.4.定语

动名词作主语

足球有意思。

Football is fun.

踢足球有意思。

Play football is fun.(错)

Playing football is fun.

 

动名词做宾语

我喜欢电影。

I enjoy movies.

我喜欢看电影。

I enjoy watch movies.

I enjoy watching movies.

 

 

只加doing 的动词

建议抵制享受

Suggest, advise, resist, enjoy

考虑承认冒险

Consider, admit, risk

避免推迟实践

Avoid, delay, practise

期待成功完成

Look forward to, succeed in, finish

 

阅读赏析

Teacher: George Washington not only chopped down his father’s cherry tree, but admitted doing it. Now  do you know why his father didn’t punish him?”

One student: “Because George still had the axe in his hand.”

介词后加动名词做宾语

look forward to

be/get used to

be/get accustomed to

devote to

be opposed to…

object to

get down to…

动名词做宾语

Thank you.

You have helped me  so much.

(Thank…for)

Thank you for having helped me so much.

 

动名词做介词宾语

I must apologize.

I have interrupted you.

(apologize for…)

I must apologize for having interrupted you.

 

动名词做介词宾语

He congratulated me.

I won the competition.

(congratulate… on)

He congratulate me on winning the competition.

 

动名词做介词宾语

He turned off the radio.

He left the room.

(Before)

Before leaving the room, he turned off the radio.

 

动名词做介词宾语

He looked at his watch.

He hurried to the station.

(After)

After looking at his watch, he hurried to the station.

 

动名词做介词宾语

He sat there.

He didn’t say anything.

(without)

He sat there without saying anything.

阅读练习

They disregard social conventions without being conscious that they are doing anything extraordinary.

(新概念3册第31课)

特定句型1

difficulty

trouble

have   problems          in doing

(a lot of) fun

a hard/good time

托福听力

How do you find your new apartment?

Well, it’s quite nice really, although I have a hard time getting used to living in a big place.

 

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