墨尔本PTE – PTE考生目前最大的问题之一就是练习题缺乏。除了有限的基本官方书（PLUS，Testbuilder, OG）之外就没有题了。很多英语基础不是很扎实的同学很难找到练习材料。悉尼文波雅思PTE培训学校专门为澳洲，尤其是悉尼、墨尔本的PTE考生准备了适合PTE听力阅读练习的科学60秒。各位PTE同学可以练习PTE听力中的summarise spoken text和PTE口语中的retell lecture，练习记笔记技巧和复述。
60秒科学节目（SSS）是科学美国人网站的一套广播栏目，英文名称：Scientific American – 60 Second Science,节目内容以科学报道为主，节目仅一分钟的时间，主要对当今的科学技术新发展作以简明、通俗的介绍，对于科学的发展如何影响人们的生活环境、健康状况及科学技术，提供了大量简明易懂的阐释。
This is Scientific American — 60-Second Science. I’mKaren Hopkin.
This will just take a minute.
Summer’s here and it won’t be long before school–aged kids across America start complaining thatthey‘re tired of riding their bikes, playing at thepark, swimming in the pool…and all the otherawesome activities their parents hoped would keep them entertained for the next 10 weeks.
Well, if it’s any consolation, such rapid–onset boredom could indicate that the kids haveamazing powers of recall. Because a new study shows that the better your short–term memory, the faster you feel sated and decide you’ve had enough. The findings appear in the Journal ofConsumer Research.
“Though satiation can be physical, like when you feel full after eating too much, we wereinterested in the psychological side of satiation. Like when you‘re just tired of something.”
Noelle Nelson, assistant professor of marketing and consumer behavior at the University ofKansas School of Business. She and her colleague Joseph Redden at the University ofMinnesota tried to think outside the lunch box.
“Something that was interesting to me is that some people get tired of same things at verydifferent rates. So if you think about pop songs on the radio, some people must still be enjoyingthem and requesting them even after hearing them a lot. But a lot of other people are reallysick of those same songs.”
The difference, the researchers posited, might have to do with memories of past consumption. For example, studies show that people push away from the dinner table sooner when they’reasked to describe in detail what they ate earlier for lunch.
So the researchers tested the memory capacity of undergraduates. The students then vieweda repeating series of three classic paintings…like The Starry Night, American Gothic, and TheScream…or listened and re–listened to a series of three pop songs…or three pieces of classicalmusic. Throughout the test, the participants were intermittently asked to rate theirexperience on a scale of zero to ten.
And the better a participant scored in the memory test, the faster they got bored.
“We found that people with larger capacities remembered more about the music or art, whichled to them getting tired of the music or art more quickly. So remembering more detailsactually made the participants feel like they’d experienced the music or art more often.”
The findings suggest that marketers could manipulate our desire for their products by figuringout ways to distract us and keep us from fully remembering our experiences. We could alsotrick ourselves into eating less junk food by immersing ourselves in the memory of aprevious snack.
As for kids easily bored, just tell ’em to fuggedaboutit—it might help them have more fun.
For Scientific American — 60-Second Science Science. I’m Karen Hopkin.
墨尔本PTE – 墨尔本悉尼霍巴特文波PTE原创首发