PTE听力口语练习-科学60秒-culture music

PTE考生目前最大的问题之一就是练习题缺乏。除了有限的基本官方书(PLUS,Testbuilder, OG)之外,就没有题了。很多英语基础不是很扎实的同学很难找到练习材料。墨尔本文波雅思PTE培训学校专门为墨尔本,悉尼PTE考生准备了适合PTE听力阅读练习的科学60秒。各位PTE同学可以练习PTE听力中的summarise spoken text和PTE口语中的retell lecture,PTE听力口语-科学60秒-Frosty Moss练习记笔记技巧和复述。废话少说,下面开始:


Just the sounds of the 1960 movie thriller Psycho may be enough to get your heart racing. 就是这样一部1960年的恐怖片《精神病患者》,其中的音效就足以使你心跳加快。
Even when we may not be aware of it,hearing music can affect our bodies as well as our minds. 甚至在我们没切实感受到之时,光是听到音乐就能对我们的身心产生影响。
But are the physiological effects of music unique to one culture or are they more general? 但音乐造成的这些反应究竟是普遍现象还是存在特有的文化差异性呢?
To find out, researchers enlisted 40 Canadians from downtown Montreal and 40 Pygmies from the Congo rainforest. 为了寻找答案,研究人员们邀请到了加拿大蒙特利尔市中心的40名市民和刚果雨林的40名俾格米人参与一项测试。
All the volunteers listened to musical clips from the movies Psycho, Star Wars and Schindler’s List, and to music from Pygmy culture. 所有志愿者们会被要求要听《精神病患者》、《星球大战》及《辛德勒的名单》几部电影中的声音以及俾格米文化的音乐。
As the participants listened, the researchers observed their emotional reactions, 当进行听音乐环节的时候,研究人员们也在观察他们的情绪反应
as well as psychophysiological responses like changes in heart rate, breathing rate and palm-sweat production. 以及像心律,呼吸频率以及手心出汗等的生理性反应。
The two groups disagreed about whether a particular musical selection was happy or sad. 两组人就一段特别音乐是喜是悲产生了争议。
But they all had similar levels of arousal, as measured by their psychophysiological responses. 但通过测量生理反应,他们有着相似的兴奋水平。
These findings suggest that some aspects of how we react to music are universal, rather than strictly cultural. 该研究结果表明我们对音乐的某些反应是普遍现象,而非存在文化差异性。
The study is in the journal Frontiers in Psychology. 这项研究已在《心理学前沿》杂志上发表。
Fundamental acoustical features including tempo, pitch and timbre seem to be responsible for the similar responses of the Canadians and the Congolese Pygmies. 包括节奏,音高及音色等最为基本的听觉特征看上去对加拿大人和刚果俾格米人有着同样的效果。
Does that finding mean that science can help create the world’s most universally infectious pop song? 但是否这一发现意味着科学能帮助人们创造出世界范围内所有人都会受感染的流行音乐呢?
On that front, science may be behind Pharrell Williams. 在这方面,科学或许仍然落后于知名唱将法瑞尔·威廉姆斯。

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