PTE真题阅读训练:LED灯的缺点

随着PTE考生对PTE口语和PTE听力的重视,大家口语和听力的分数得到极大提高,但是PTE阅读渐渐成为考生们新的难题。墨尔本悉尼文波PTE特别为PTE考生们挑选了适合练习PTE阅读的文章,主题,内容,长度都与PTE阅读题中的文章相似。激活学过的词汇,更新新的词汇,提高阅读速度,全面提升自己的阅读能力。

Indeed, LED (light emitting diode) lighting does seem to be the wave of the future right now, given the mercury content and light quality issues with the current king-of-the-hill of green bulbs, the compact fluorescent (CFL). LEDs use significantly less energy than even CFLs, and do not contain mercury. And they are becoming economically competitive with CFLs at the point of purchase while yielding superior quality lighting and energy bill savings down the line.

But LEDs do have a dark side. A study published in late 2010 in the journal Environmental Science and Technology found that LEDs contain lead, arsenic and a dozen other potentially dangerous substances. LEDs are touted as the next generation of lighting,” says Oladele Ogunseitan, one of the researchers behind the study and chair of the University of California (UC)-Irvine’s Department of Population Health & Disease Prevention. “But as we try to find better products that do not deplete energy resources or contribute to global warming, we have to be vigilant [about] toxicity hazards….”

Ogunseitan and other UC-Irvine researchers tested several types of LEDs, including those used as Christmas lights, traffic lights, car headlights and brake lights. What did they find? Some of the worst offenders were low-intensity red LEDs, which were found to contain up to eight times the amount of lead, a known neurotoxin, allowed by California state law and which, according to researchers, “exhibit significant cancer and noncancer potentials due to the high content of arsenic and lead.” Meanwhile, white LEDs contain the least lead, but still harbor large amounts of nickel, another heavy metal that causes allergic reactions in as many as one in five of us upon exposure. And the copper found in some LEDs can pose an environmental threat if it accumulates in rivers and lakes where it can poison aquatic life.

diode:二极管

mercury 水银

fluorescent 荧光的

arsenic 砷

substance 物质

vigilant 警惕的

toxicity 毒性

allergic 对…过敏的

aquatic水生的

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