PTE Re-tell Lecture 真实讲座练习题:复杂适应性系统

在PTE中,无论是Summarise Spoken Text 还是 Re-tell Lecture的考题大都是从真实的讲座或者演讲中截取的中间经常经常夹杂很多不同的环境音.很多同学都反映有时未必是听不懂,而是听不到. 鉴于此,墨尔本悉尼文波雅思PTE专门为大家总结了真实讲座的PTE练习音频,相比新闻音频来说,整体更加接近PTE考试的真题,内容方面,我们也会为大家提供考试中存在的近似题,最近我们会持续更新,敬请期待!

Ok, just want to say what the complex adaptive systems is. This is the terminology that came out of research done by a number of very and researchers over an extended period of time, thinking about complexity and a lot of work they actually did was looking at the world of nature, the world of biology. How do organisms survive and sometimes dramatically changing the environment? And if you think of micro-organism, all of a sudden the temperature can change, well, the organisms that are survival once somehow or other can adapt very quickly to the dramatic change of temperature for example Russell one’s diet. And from the research, they learned a number of things that are fundamental to survival and adaptability of changing of environment and conditions. Now the terminology they use for such systems and entities are complex adaptive systems, so anybody who is interested in learning more about the topic of complexity and where some of the current ideas have come from. These are sort of key terminology to search for if you are doing an Internet search will be complex after system, so rather like we give you a reference to go to a library, and you can look at the books under the library of congress, you know reference numbers ect. That would be a key phrase to do an internet search on and turn up a lot of material on complexity. That would provide the background to some of the things I’m talking about.


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