PTE听力口语练习-科学60秒-honest or cheating

PTE考生目前最大的问题之一就是练习题缺乏。除了有限的基本官方书(PLUS,Testbuilder, OG)之外就没有题了。很多英语基础不是很扎实的同学很难找到练习材料。墨尔本文波雅思PTE培训学校专门为墨尔本,悉尼PTE考生准备了适合PTE听力阅读练习的科学60秒。各位PTE同学可以练习PTE听力中的summarise spoken text和PTE口语中的retell lecture,PTE听力口语-科学60秒-Frosty Moss练习记笔记技巧和复述。废话少说,下面开始:



60秒科学节目(SSS)是科学美国人网站的一套广播栏目,英文名称:Scientific American – 60 Second Science,节目内容以科学报道为主,节目仅一分钟的时间,主要对当今的科学技术新发展作以简明、通俗的介绍,对于科学的发展如何影响人们的生活环境、健康状况及科学技术,提供了大量简明易懂的阐释。

We sign our names to various documents all the time. Some signatures seal a legal contract.Others pledge us to an action. 我们总是在各式各样的文件上签名。有些签名证实合同开始生效。其它的签名则代表对自己行为的承诺。
Now a study finds that when and where someone sign a document can influence the likelihood of them being honest or cheating. 最近有一项研究发现,签署文件的时间地点会影响人们选择诚实待人还是欺骗。
Scientists had people sign more than 13,000 auto insurance forms—one group signed at the top of the form, the other at the bottom. 科学家们让人们在超过一万三千份汽车保险单上签字——一组在表单顶部签字,其他则在底部签字。
And those who signed at the top admitted to nearly 2,500 more miles of usage than those who signed at the bottom. 而相比那些在底部签字的受试者,在顶部签字的受试者承认的汽车行驶的里程要多几乎两千五百英里。
Which translated into a $48 difference in annual premiums. 体现在保费上的差异是每年48美元。
According to the researchers, because the top-signers put their names on the document 根据研究人员,因为在顶部签字的人还没来得及试图捏造信息
before they were even tempted to fabricate information, they are less likely to act dishonestly. 就已经把名字签上了。他们不太可能表现得不诚实。
The study is in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 这项研究发表在《国家科学研究院学报》汇刊上。
Many people routinely deceive themselves to rationalize dishonest behavior. 许多人经常自欺欺人,将不诚实的事实合理化。
The $345-billion gap between what people should be paying in U.S. taxes and what they claim isn’t just due to chronic liars. 美国税收有三千四百五十亿美元缺口,他们声称不能把这仅仅归罪于习惯性说谎者。
It also depends on normally honest people stretching the truth. 因为一些诚实的人通常也会夸大事实。
Perhaps having taxpayers sign their forms before filling them out would cut down on that stretching. 也许在让纳税人在填表之前先签上姓名会缩小夸大的事实。


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