PTE考生目前最大的问题之一就是练习题缺乏。除了有限的基本官方书(PLUS,Testbuilder, OG)之外,就没有题了。很多英语基础不是很扎实的同学很难找到练习材料。墨尔本文波雅思PTE培训学校专门为墨尔本,悉尼PTE考生准备了适合PTE听力阅读练习的科学60秒。各位PTE同学可以练习PTE听力中的summarise spoken text和PTE口语中的retell lecture,PTE听力口语-科学60秒-Frosty Moss练习记笔记技巧和复述。废话少说,下面开始:

60秒科学:Extroversion Extends Benefits across Cultures


60秒科学节目(SSS)是科学美国人网站的一套广播栏目,英文名称:Scientific American – 60 Second Science,节目内容以科学报道为主,节目仅一分钟的时间,主要对当今的科学技术新发展作以简明、通俗的介绍,对于科学的发展如何影响人们的生活环境、健康状况及科学技术,提供了大量简明易懂的阐释。

Smile. It’ll probably make you feel better.

A recent study finds that if you’re extroverted it’s best to continue to be outgoing, on a daily basis. And if you’re an introvert, try a few outgoing behaviors, like calling up an old friend or introducing yourself to someone new at work.

We’ve heard the value of extroverted activity before, but now scientists have confirmed the phenomenon across the globe.

Researchers surveyed students in the U.S., Venezuela, China, the Philippines and Japan. And they measured the students’ personality traits along what’s called the “Big Five”—which is openness, extroversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness and neuroticism. And they found that the subjects reported feeling best on the days when they practiced what is considered extroverted actions—like talking with more people, smiling more often, calling friends.

The researchers also found that in situations where students felt free to express themselves—as opposed to being constrained in some way—they also felt more extroverted, agreeable and conscientious, three of the big five traits. The study is in the Journal of Research in Personality. [Charles M. Ching et al, The manifestation of traits in everyday behavior and affect: A five-culture study]

The study concludes that even though people may live in disparate cultures, individual and comparable personality types exist in those cultures, no matter where you are. Which is perhaps something to smile about.

—Christie Nicholson


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