PTE口语Retell Lecture机经真题分享:Language Extinction

今天墨尔本文波PTE的小编给大家带来口语Retell Lecture的机经,供小伙伴们练习和分享。这篇RL的发音比较清晰,生词不多,讲述的是小语种灭绝现象。快来看看自己是否都能听懂吧!


Transcript:A language dies when the last person who speaks it dies. But you know, sometimes people say it dies when the second last person who speaks it dies, because then the last person has nobody to talk to. Well, of course, languages have come and gone throughout history as communities have come and gone. But what’s happening now is something really quite extraordinary.Well, there are about 6000 languages in the world at the moment, more or less, nobody knows the exact number. And of these, people think that about half of them are so seriously endangered, that they are likely to die out in the course of the present century. Now the present century is a hundred years, half is 3000 languages. So, that means one language is dying out somewhere in the world on average every two weeks.

There are all kinds of reasons why languages die. One is the physical reason when people are affected by famine and disease and earthquake. Another is genocide, when some countries deliberately try and stamp out a small language. But the main reason is globalization. That is, there are some huge languages in the world, like English and Arabic and Spanish and French, and these are like steam rollers crushing the smaller languages that they find in their path.

A great deal can be done to preserve an endangered language. The first thing is that the people themselves must want the language to be preserved. That’s very important. The second thing is the powers-that-be must want the language to be preserved. They must have a respect for the minority languages that are in their care. And the third thing that has to be there, of course, is cash. It costs quite a lot of money to preserve an endangered language. Think about it, you have to train the teachers, you have to write books for the children. And all that sort of thing. It doesn’t cost an extraordinary amount of money, but it does cost a bit. So without money, endangered languages don’t have a positive future.

【本篇RL词汇积累】
1.throughoutprep. 贯穿,遍及adv. 自始至终,到处;全部

2.extraordinary

adj. 非凡的;特别的;离奇的;特派的

3.endangered

adj. 濒临灭绝的;有生命危险的

4.die out 灭绝;消失

5.in the course of

在···过程中;在···期间

6.present

adj. 现在的;出席的

v. 提出;介绍;呈现;赠送;举枪瞄准

n. 现在;礼物;瞄准

7.famine

n. 饥荒;饥饿,奇缺

8.genocide

n. 种族灭绝;灭绝整个种族的大屠杀

9.deliberately

adv. 故意地;谨慎地;慎重地

10.stamp out

扑灭;踩灭;消灭

11.globalization

n. 全球化

12.Arabic

n. 阿拉伯语

adj. 阿拉伯的;阿拉伯人的

13.steam roller

不可抗拒的力量(本意:蒸汽压路机)

14.crush

v.(被)压碎;(使)挤;弄皱,变形

n. 粉碎;迷恋;压榨;拥挤的人群

15.path

n. 道路;小路;轨道

16.preserve

v. 保存;保护;维持;腌;禁猎

n. 保护区;禁猎地;加工成的食品

17.minority

n. 少数派;少数民族;未成年

 

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