新鲜出炉–2016年1-4月雅思口语话题库

2016年1-4月口语话题汇

Part 1

Name(必考)

Is your family name a common one in your country

Do you like your name?

Does your name mean anything or have a special significance?

Have you ever wanted to change your name?

Who usually names babies in your country?

Do you have any special traditions about naming children?

 

Study(必考)

What is your major? Why did you choose this major?

What do you like most about your major?

Is there anything you don’t like about your major?

What was it like on your first day at school?

What do you plan to do after graduation?

Do you prefer a quiet place or a noisy place to study?

Are you looking forward to working?

 

Work(必考)

What do you do for a living?

Why did you choose to do that type of work?

Do you like your job?

Is it very interesting?

Tell me about a typical day at work. What do you do on a daily basis?

What’s the most difficult part of it?

Do you plan to continue doing this type of work?

 

Snacks

What kinds of snacks do you like to eat?

Is it healthy to eat snacks?

Do your parents allow you to eat snacks?

What was the most popular snack when you were young?

What kinds of snacks do children in your country like to eat nowadays?

 

Social network

What kinds of social networking websites do you like to use?

Are you a social person?

What kinds of people do you like to be friends with on those websites?

Is it easy to find real friends on a social networking website?

What kinds of chatting app or software do people like to use?

 

History

Do you like history?

What historical event do you find most interesting?

Do you think history is important?

Do you like to watch programs on TV about history?

Do you think you can really learn history from films and/or TV programs?

Do you think the internet is a good place to learn about history?

Can you name a person from history who you would like to learn more about?

Why would you like to learn more about him/her?

 

Being in a hurry

When was the last time you did something in a hurry?

Do you like to finish things quickly?

What kinds of things will you never do in a hurry?

Why do people make mistakes more easily when they are in a hurry?

 

Watch sky

Do you like to watch the sky?

Do you watch sky in the day or at night?

What is the sky like at night in your hometown?

Do you like to watch stars?

Is it important to study stars?

 

Sleeping

How many hours do you sleep every day?

Is it necessary to take a nap every day?

Do old people sleep a lot? Why?

How to have a good sleep?

Do you like to get up early in the morning?

 

Trees

Do you like trees? Why?

Are there any important trees in your country?

Do you think places with a lot trees attract more visitors?

Have you ever planted a tree?

 

Friends

How much time do you spend with your friends on a weekly basis?

What do you usually do with your friends?

How many friends do you think is enough for you? Why?

Which do you think is better, to have a lot of friends or only a few best friends?

When did you first meet your best friend?

 

Handwriting

Do you like to write things by hands? Why?

Do you think handwritings can reflect one’s personality?

Do you like to write postcards?

 

Food

Do you think there are any benefits from eating breakfast?

Which do you prefer – to eat one big meal or to eat several small snacks?

What do you consider to be a healthy diet?

Is there any traditional food that disappears nowadays?

Do you want to learn how to cook traditional food in your hometown when you are free?

 

Shopping

Do you shop on line?

What do you think of the shopping mall?

Would you like to work in shopping centre?

Do you want to work in a related field to shopping?

 

Street market

Do you like shopping in street markets?

What can you buy from street markets?

What are the differences between a street market and a supermarket?

What are the differences between a street market in your country and a foreign country?

 

Sleeping

How many hours are you asleep for every day?

Is it necessary to take a nap every day?

Do old people sleep a lot? Why?

What time do you usually go to bed?

Do you always have a good sleep?

 

Noise

Are you ever bothered by noise?

Where can you hear loud noise?

Do you think there is more noise in people’s lives today than in the past?

Do you think that cities will become noisier in the future?

 

Map

Do you use maps very often?

Which do you prefer, paper maps or electronic maps?

When did you learn how to use maps?

Do you think maps are useful?

 

Weather

What kind of weather do you like best? Why?

What’s the weather like in your hometown?

Have there been any changes in the weather over the past few years?

How does the weather affect people?

Do people do different sports in different weather?

 

Being alone

Do you like to be alone?

What do like to do when you are alone?

Do you like to spend time with your friends or just stay at home on your own?

When was the last time you were being alone?

 

Clothes

What clothes do you usually like to wear?

Do/did you wear the same clothes at school and at home?

Will you change your clothes when you go home today?

Did you have any special clothes to wear when you were a child?

Did you like them?

 

Countryside

Would you like to live in the countryside in the future?

What do people living in the countryside like to do?

What are the benefits of living in rural areas?

What’s the difference between living in the city and countryside?

 

Hanging out with friends

How often do you like to hang out with friends?

Who do you usually like to hang out with?

Where do you like to go when you hang out with your friends?

Do you like to go out with a big group or juts few friends?

 

Help others

When was the last time you helped others?

Do you like to help strangers?

Did your parents teach you the importance of helping others when you were young?

Have you ever refused to help others?

Would you keep helping people in the future?

 

Mathematics

When did you start learning math?

Do you like math?

Who taught you mat?

Who’s your favourite teacher so far?

Is math difficult for you to learn?

Do you like to use a calculator?

 

Teamwork

When was the last time you worked with a team?

Do you like to work or study with others or just by yourself?

What’s the most important thing for teamwork?

Do you like to be a leader?

 

Toy

Are toys very important for you when you were young?

What sort of toys did you like when you were a child?

Do you still have any of your toys?

What do you think is the reason for keeping your childhood toy?

Do you think boys and girls have different preferences for toys?

 

Memory

What do you remember to do every day?

What helps people to remember things?

Why do old people forget about things easily?

Have you ever forgotten something important?

 

Public holidays

What public holidays do you have in your country?

Do people in your country celebrate foreign festivals?

What do you usually do during public holidays?

What did you do during the last public holiday?

Do you think public holidays are important?

Why do we need public holidays?

 

Swimming

Do you like swimming?

Is it difficult to learn how to swim?

Where do Chinese like to go swimming?

What’s the difference between swimming in the pool and swimming in the sea?

 

Time/watch

Do you usually wear a watch? Why?

What do you use your watch for?

Do you often look at your watch?

Are you ever late for anything?

How do you feel when you are late?

 

Clothes

What do you usually wear at work?

Will you change to a different type of clothes after work?

Do you wear the same clothes at school and at home?

Do you think we spend too much money on clothes?

What clothes do you usually like to wear?

 

Teachers

Do you have a favourite teacher?

Do you want to be a teacher in the future?

What kinds of teachers do you like?

Do you think teachers should be angry at students or not?

Do you strict teachers?

What’s the different between found and old teachers?

Is it important for teachers to interact with students frequently?

What’s the most important part in your study, teachers or classmates?

 

News

Are very interested in the news?

Why do you want to know the latest news?

How important is it to you to get the news every day?

What sort of news are you most interested in?

How do you usually find this news?

Do you prefer to read the newspapers or watch TV to get your news?

Do you ever get your news from the internet?

Do you often read newspapers?

What sections of the newspaper do you usually read?

Do you think newspaper is important?

Besides newspapers, what are some other was people get news?

How important do you think the news is?

Which do you think is more important, domestic news or international news?

Would you say the news affects your life very much?

Are old people and found people interested in the same news? (Why/Why not)

 

Photography

Do you like to take photographs? (Why?)

Do you prefer to take photos yourself or to have other people take photos? (Why?)

How long have you liked taking photographs?

How (why) did you become interested in photography?

How often do you take photographs?

What kind of photos do you like to take (Why?)

Do you prefer to take pictures of people or of scenery?

How do you keep your photos?

Do you keep your photographs on your computer?

Are there any photos on the walls of your home?

Do you frame (or have you framed) any of your photos? (If yes, which? & why?)

Do you prefer to send postcards to people or to send photos that you took yourself?(Why?)

 

Text messages/phone calls

Do you text someone if he doesn’t answer your phone?

Is there any chance when texting someone is better than calling him?

Have you ever had difficulty replying?

How often do you send text messages?

How often do you make phone calls?

Do you like to call your parents or send text messages to them?

 

Collection

Do you like to collect anything?

How much time do you spend on your collection?

Would you keep your collection in the future?

Why do people like to keep old things?

 

Housework

Do you like doing housework?

How can you like doing housework?

Do you often do housework in your childhood?

What new inventions do you think can help people do housework in the future?

 

Season

Which season in your city do you like best?

Do you prefer to stay in a place where seasons change often?

What is the least favorite season in your country?

What are the differences between different seasons?

 

Reading

What places do you prefer reading in? Why?

Why is reading important?

Do you prefer reading alone or with other people?

 

Colour

What’s your favourite colour?

Do you usually wear clothes in your favourite colour?

Are there any colours that have a special meaning in your country?

Do you think the colour of one’s clothes is important?

Are there any colours you dislike?

 

Neighbourhood

Are there many people living near you?

Do you know your neighbours?

Do you think it’s important to know your neighbours?

Would you prefer to have young people as your neighbours, or old people?

 

Shoes

How many shoes do you have?

Where do you shop for shoes?

What kinds of shoes do you like?

Do you like shopping shoes or clothes?

Do you prefer comfortable shoes or pretty shoes?

 

Leisure time

When do you have free time?

Do you think modern people have enough time for relaxing?

Do you often do things with others in a group?

Do you ever go out with your classmates?

Do you think it is important to spend your leisure time with your family?

 

 

 

Part 2& part 3

Describe a person who has apologize to you

Who this person is

When this happened

What this person said for apologizing

And explain how you feel about the apology

P3

Is it important to say sorry?

What situations do people say sorry?

Why do some people hate to say sorry?

In what situation should we apologize immediately?

When will people say thank you?

When was the last time you found it hard to accept an apology?

 

Describe a person you know that has made a contribution to the society

Who this person is

How you know this person

What kinds of contribution this person has made

And how you feel about what the person has done

P3

How to be a good member in the society?

What kinds of jobs are well-paid in your country?

How do university students make their career plans in your country?

What kinds of jobs deserve higher salaries in the future?

Does university education help students to find a good job in your country?

 

Describe a person who does well in work

Who this person is

How you know this person

What kind of work this person does

And explain why this person can do well

P3

What kind of quality do you think employees should have?

Why do young people keep changing jobs?

Is it easy to find a well-paid job in your country?

What kind of work skills are important in China?

 

Describe a person in news you want to meet

Who he or she is

How you know about this person

What the news is about

And explain why you want to meet them

P3

Do you think that nowadays there’s too much news about celebrities?

Is it good or bad?

Why do people like to hear about negative news?

What kind of information do you get from news in your country?

Who often appear in the news?

Do you think news is true?

What’s the differences between broadcasting news in the past and in the present?

 

Describe someone who is older than you that you admire

Who this person is

How you know this person

What kinds of things you like to do together

And explain how you feel about this person

P3

What kinds of activities do old people like to do these days?

Why do some old people only remember happy things?

Why do young people like to ask the past of old people?

What kinds of things can young people learn from old people?

Do you think old people enjoy their life more these days compared with the past?

 

Describe a person whose job is useful or important to the society

(an important job的变题)

Who the person is

What job he or she has

How you know this person

And explain why his or her job is important to the society

P3

What kind of job provides good salary in your country?

What kind of jobs are underpaid?

Do you think new graduates should have the same salary as seniors?

What should school provide to help graduates fit in the society?

Do you think it is good to change jobs frequently?

 

Describe a person who likes to travel by plane

Who the person is

How you know this person

Where this person travels to

And explain why this person likes to travel by plane

P3

Which means of transport will people prefer to choose, by plane or other?

Is it good to live near an airport?

What are the advantages and disadvantages of travelling by plane?

What kind of people travel by plane in your country?

Do you think government should build more airport?

 

Describe a person you know who is good at cooking.

Who the person is

What your relationship with the person is

What kind of food the person cooks

Why the person is good at cooking

P3

Nowadays do people eat at home or at a restaurant? Why?

Do you think in the future people won’t eat at home?

Where do people like to eat in China today?

Eat at home or go outside, compare them.

What food do people like to cook?

Do you think schools should teach students how to cook?

 

Describe a person in your family who you spend most time with

Who the person is

What you like to do together

When you usually spend time together

Why you spend so much time together

P3

Who are more important to you, family or friends?

What kind of family activity is popular in your country?

What do you think are the advantages of a big family as opposed to a small family?

What are the pros and cons of three generations living together?

 

Describe someone you know who dresses well.

Who this person is;

How you got to know this person;

What he or she usually wears

And explain how you feel about the way he or she dresses.

P3

Do young people like to follow fashion? Why?

Do you think online shopping will replace shopping in stores?

 

Describe a person you know who speaks a foreign language well.

Who this person is;

What foreign language he or she knows;

How often he or she uses this language;

And explain why you think this person can speak this language well.

P3

What benefit does it bring if you speak good English?

Do you think it is easy for children to learn a foreign language?

Do you think English will become the most popular language in the world?

How do people learn a foreign language?

Are there any changes in people’s way of learning a language?

 

Describe a family member who you want to work with.

Who the person is

What kind of person he or she is

Whether you worked with him or her before

Why you want to work with him or her

P3

What is the most common family business in your country?

What are the benefits of working in a large company?

Why do you think people should not stay in the same company for too long?

 

A beautiful or handsome friend

Who the person is

What he or she looks like

When you first met him or her

What his or her personality is

P3

Do you think people’s appearance matters?

Which is better, to have a lot of friends or just a few close friends?

Is it important for salesperson to be beautiful or handsome?

There are some skinny models in some magazines. Do you think it’s good for young people to read?

What kind of things can be described as beautiful?

Discuss the beauty of cities and beauty of the nature.

Do you think it’s good for people to care too much about their appearance?

 

 

 

Describe a house or apartment you want to live in

Where this place is

What it is like

When you want to live in there

And explain why you want to live in such a place

 

P3

Do most Chinese people live in an apartment or house?

Do young people in your country like to live with their parents or by themselves?

Do Chinese people like to rent a place to live?

How is modern home design( both inside and outside appearance) in your country different to that of the past?

What are modern homes different to older homes?

What do you imagine people’s houses will be like in the future?

What are the differences between living in a village or town?

 

Describe a movie you have watched in a cinema or at home?

When you watched it

Who you were with

What the movie was about

And how you felt about the movie

P3

What is the difference between watching a movie at home and watching it in a cinema?

How would you define a good movie?

Is it important to have famous actors in a movie if the movie wants to be successful?

Would you say that cinemas will disappear in the future?

 

Describe an electronic device you want to buy

What it is

When you know this machine

What specific features you want

And explain why you want this machine

P3

How does technology change our life?

Do you think teachers will be replaced by technology in the future?

Do you think children can be benefited from high technology?

 

Describe an art or craft activity you did when you were in school

When this happened

What you did in the activity

Who you did it with

And explain how you felt about this activity

P3

What kind of handmade gift do you give to others?

Why do you think craft activity is so popular?

Compare gifts made by hand and by machine?

Do you think art should be included in school curriculums? Why?

 

Describe a painting or work of art in your school

When you first saw this work of art

Where you saw it

What it looked like

And explain your feelings about this painting when you saw it

P3

Can you give me some example of traditional handicraft in your country?

How do you solve the problem that young people don’t like traditional things?

How important is art in the culture of a country?

Are there many art exhibitions in your country?

Do you think the art exhibitions should be free?

 

Describe a law that can help your country to improve your environment in the future

What the law would be about

How this law will take effects

Why it is important to have this law

And what changes will happen because of this law

P3

What rules are there in your school?

How to teach children to obey rules?

Is it a good thing to break rules sometimes?

Do you think it is necessary for children to wear school uniforms?

 

Describe an important thing you have forgotten

When this happened

What you forgot to do

Who you were with

And what consequences you faced

P3

What have you forgotten at home?

How to prevent this?

What will you do if you forget people’s names?

What kind of tips do you have to keep things in mind?

Do you think memory is important for language learning?

 

Describe an unforgettable advertisement

Where you saw or heard it

What kind of advertisement it was

What the contents of the advertisement

And explain how you felt when you saw it

P3

In general, what are the pros and cons of advertising?

Do you think there’s too much advertising in our daily life?

In what ways do advertisements influence people?

Do you think government should do something to control advertisement?

Do you think advertising a certain product can have negative effects?

 

Describe a special song you remember

What this song is about

When you listened to it for the first time

How often you listen to this song

And explain why you think it is special to you

P3

When do people in China sing songs together?

Is there a special occasion that people would sing songs together?

What type of songs do young children like to listen?

Why are some singers so popular in the whole world?

Do people in China listen to international songs?

 

Describe a useful thing you borrowed from others

What it is

When and where you borrowed

How long you kept it

Why it is useful to you

P3

Will borrow things make people uncomfortable?

What will you do if you don’t want to lend things to others?

What do you think of people who aren’t willing to lend valuable things?

Do you think companies should ask advice of their customers?

Do you think people should give promise when they borrow things?

 

Describe a new skill you want to learn

What it is

How you would learn it

Where you can learn it

And explain why you want to keep learning it

P3

What skills should school teach young children?

What should parents do to help children learn new skills?

Do you think children nowadays learn the same thing as children did 30 years ago?

Do you think we should learn new technology?

What are the difficulties people have to conquer to learn new things?

 

Describe a picture or photo in your family

What is in the picture

Where this picture is in your home

How this picture was taken

And explain why you think this picture is meaningful

P3

How do people in your country organize their photos?

Why do people think old photo are more valuable?

What is the difference between traditional and digital cameras?

Do you like to take pictures of yourself?

 

Describe an educational TV program you have watched.

What the program is;

What type of program it is;

What contents it has;

And explain what you’ve learnt from this program.

P3

Does TV advertisement still popular these days?

Does it have much influence on children?

 

Describe an activity that helps you keep fit

What it is

When you do the activity

How much time you spend regularly

What benefits you can get

P3

What should be taught in primary school about health?

What is the health policy in your country?

How should health information be spread?

What should government do to raise public awareness?

 

Describe an important toy in your childhood.

What it was

Who gave it to you

How often you played with it

And explain why you think it was important to you

P3

Are there any new toys today that did not exist when you were a child?

What do you think of the toy you just mentioned?

Do you think computer games are good for children?

What do you think parents should do to protect children from being addicted to games?

 

Describe a small successful company.

What company it is;

What it does;

How you got to know about this company;

and explain why you think this company is successful.

P3

Do you think online shopping will replace buying in stores?

What are the qualities of successful companies?

Do you want to work in a successful company?

 

Describe a gift for someone that took you a long time to choose.

What it was;

Who it was for;

Why it took you so long to choose;

And explain how he or she reacted to your gift.

P3

How do you usually choose gifts for people?

Do you think it is better to choose a useful gift?

How to choose a gift for people who already have a lot of things?

Have you ever received a gift that you didn’t like?

What are the advantages and disadvantages of living in an area where you know all the people there?

 

Describe something you really want to buy in the future

What it is

How long have you been dreaming about it

When and where you will buy it

Why you want to buy it

P3

Where do young people in your country like to go shopping?

How has the way people buy things changed over the years?

What kind of advertisement is the most effective?

Compare online shopping with buying things in store?

 

Describe a thing that you did with a group of people

What it was

When you did it

Where you did it

And explain what you learned from it

P3

In general, what are the differences between doing something in a group and alone?

Why do some parents want their children to become a member of a group?

Do you think it’s beneficial for children to take part in group activities?

What are the pros and cons of working in a team?

 

 

Describe a foreign country you want to visit but you haven’t been to

Where this place is

What it is like

What you can do in this country

And explain why you want to visit this country

P3

Why people in your country like to travel overseas?

How can travelling overseas benefit us?

What impact can travelling have on the environment?

What are the differences between studying overseas and travelling overseas?

 

Describe a street you often go to

Where it is

How often you go there

What you like to do there

And explain why you like it

P3

How to solve the air pollution?

What do you think can make a better street?

What kind of street is popular in your country?

What do you think is the advantages and disadvantages of living in a city?

Is it a good thing for old people to live in the countryside?

 

Describe a place where you can read or write (not your home).

类似题目Describe a place where you like to go and relax (not your home).

Where it is

What it is like

How to spend time there

Explain why you want to relax there

P3

Is it important for students to relax?

What are the differences between relax indoors and outdoors?

What place do most people choose to relax?

Why do some students think it is hard to relax even in a cinema?

What should employer do to relax their employees?

 

Describe a historical building in your country/hometown

Where the building is

How you know this building

What it is like

And explain why it is important to your country/hometown

P3

Do you think we should repair old buildings?

How to attract more people to visit historical places?

How to protect historical buildings?

What is the most important historical building in your country?

 

Describe a park or garden that you often go to

Where it was

What it looked like

What people did there

And explain how you felt about the garden

P3

Are public gardens very important in your country?

Are there many public gardens in your country?

Do you think there are enough public gardens in your hometown?

What do you think are the benefits of having gardens in the city?

Do you prefer tall buildings or short buildings?

 

Describe a place near water

Where this place was

What you did at this place

Who you went there with

And explain why you liked this place

P3

Why do so many people like going to places with water?

What kinds of leisure activities do people like to do in places near water?

Do you think the beach is more suitable for children or for old people as a place to relax?

Do you think the government should invest some money in developing facilities for water sports?

So you think that human activity is posing a threat to the oceans in the world?

What do you think are the advantages and disadvantages of traveling on the ocean?

 

 

Describe a happy family event when you were a child that you remember well

What it was

When and where it took place

How often it took place

What you did in the event

P3

What is a typical family like in your country?

What is the role of a mother or father in your family?

What do children think of family events?

Should we treat boys and girls in the same way?

Do you think teenagers should do part-time jobs to support the family?   

 

Describe an important conversation/communication you ever had

When this happened

Who you were talking with

What you talked about

And how this conversation influenced you

P3

How do people get to know each other?

Do you think women like to chat more than men?

What qualities do you think a good friend should have?

Do most people have a few friends or many friends?

What are the differences between conversations between men and ones between women?

 

Describe a long walk you enjoyed

When this happened

Where you walked

Who you were with

And explain how you felt about the walk

P3

What is the most popular outdoor activity in your country?

Is it also popular in the past?

What can outdoor activities benefit children?

Did you like walking when you were a child?

 

Describe an occasion that someone or something that made noise

When this happened

Who this person/thing was

What kind of noise it was

And explain what you did when you heard the noise

P3

Do you like noisy places?

Why do young people like noisy places like night clubs?

Do you like places that play background music? Is it good or bad?

Do you think there is more noise in people’s lives today than in the past?

What would you do if your neighbors were noisy all the time?

 

Describe a long car journey you remember well

Where you went

What you did at this place

Who you went there with

And explain why you went on that journey by car

P3

Do most family own a car in your country?

Do men and women have the same preference in cars? What are differences?

What will be cars like in the future?

Is it a good thing to own a private car?

What do you think cars will be like in the future?

 

Describe a special trip in the future

Where this place is

Who you would like to go with

What would you do there

And explain why this would be a special trip

P3

Have you ever have a business trip?

Where do people in your country like to have a trip to?

Do you think it is necessary to travel overseas?

Do you like to travel on your own or with your family?

Do you like to go to popular places or less-known places?

 

Describe something you would do if you were given a day off college

What you would like to do

Who would you like to be with

Where you would like to do it

And explain how you would feel at the end of the day

P3

Are you quite busy now? What do you do if you are not busy?

Which do you prefer, a long holiday or a short one?

Do you think computers are often used at work? Why?

Do you think people today have more time to relax than in the past?

 

Describe a recent happy event that you had

When this happened

What the event was

Who was with you

Explain why you felt happy about it

P3

How would you define happiness?

Do you think people will be happy when they become richer?

What do you do if you feel unhappy?

Do you think rich people are always happy?

 

Describe an occasion when you wait for someone/a friend

Who the person is

Where you waited

When you waited

Why you wait for him or her

P3

What is the difference between waiting for a friend and waiting for waitress?

Why can people wait for something for a long time?

What factor can you tolerate friend late for a long time?

 

Describe an educational trip you went on when you were in school

When and where you went;

Who you went with;

What you did;

And explain what you learnt on this trip.

P3

Do you often have opportunities of educational visits?

What roles do teachers play during those visits? Are they important?

Do parents help children study nowadays?

 

Describe a time you got up extremely early.

When it was;

What time you got up;

How you felt when you got up;

And explain why you got up early.

P3

Who do you think tend to get up early?

Is it good for your health to take a nap in the afternoon?

Do you think people are more efficient in the evening or in the morning?

How long do you think people of different ages should sleep?

 

Describe something a child did that made you laugh.

Who the child was;

How old he or she was;

What he or she did

And explain why it made you laugh.

P3

Why do some adults miss their childhood?

Why do children feel happy easily?

In general, do children in your country enjoy their childhood?

Do you like to watch comedy?

What is the best stage in one’s life in your opinion?

 

Describe a time you had disagreement with a friend.

When and where it happened;

What you disagreed on;

How you resolved the disagreement;

And explain how you felt about the disagreement.

P3

How do you usually feel when others disagree with you?

Do you like to hear different opinions?

Do schools in your country teach critical thinking?

How should young people communicate with old people?

Are you a person who often disagrees with others?

 

 

 

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