PTE听力口语练习-科学60秒-Fecal Transplanters

PTE考生目前最大的问题之一就是练习题缺乏。除了有限的基本官方书(PLUS,Testbuilder, OG)之外,就没有题了。很多英语基础不是很扎实的同学很难找到练习材料。墨尔本文波雅思PTE培训学校专门为墨尔本,悉尼PTE考生准备了适合PTE听力阅读练习的科学60秒。各位PTE同学可以练习PTE听力中的summarise spoken text和PTE口语中的retell lecture,PTE听力口语-科学60秒-Frosty Moss练习记笔记技巧和复述。废话少说,下面开始:

Fecal Transplanters Fish Out Key Ingredient


60秒科学节目(SSS)是科学美国人网站的一套广播栏目,英文名称:Scientific American – 60 Second Science,节目内容以科学报道为主,节目仅一分钟的时间,主要对当今的科学技术新发展作以简明、通俗的介绍,对于科学的发展如何影响人们的生活环境、健康状况及科学技术,提供了大量简明易懂的阐释。

These days, antibiotics are no silver bullet. In fact, if you get them in the hospital, you may end up with an additional infection. Like the bug Clostridium difficile, or C. diff°™which infects more than 300,000 Americans a year and kills some 14,000. C. diff flourishes in the post-antibiotic, microbe-free landscape of your gut. But there is a way to stop it°™a fecal transplant. That cocktail of microbes from a healthy person’s gut can rein in a C. diff outbreak. The question is not: Eewww? It’s: What are the transplant’s active ingredients?

Well, one of them appears to be a bacterium called Clostridium scindens. Because in past studies, people and mice that harbored C. scindens were protected against a full-blown C. diff infection. So researchers dosed mice with the good guy, C. scindens, after a bout of antibiotics. And the treatment did indeed ward off C. diff, compared to a cocktail of other microbes, or nothing at all.

C. scindens makes a living by breaking down bile, the researchers say, and it’s those secondary products that seem to inhibit C. diff. The findings are in the journal Nature. [Charlie G. Buffie et al: Precision microbiome reconstitution restores bile acid mediated resistance to Clostridium difficile]

This work could lead to more targeted probiotic treatments. But study author Eric Pamer of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center says it’s worth remembering that when it comes to microbes, the sum is often greater than its parts. “In some ways I would say this is far more complex than an orchestra, in that there are many more interdependencies, and many of which we just don’t understand yet, but that are starting to be illuminated by ongoing work.” Now, at least, we know one of the featured performers.

–Christopher Intagliata


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