写作语法之:状语从句(原因结果)-墨尔本文波雅思

状语从句 (Adverbial Clause) 状语从句指句子用作状语时,起副词作用的句子。它可以修饰谓语、非谓语动词、定语、状语或整个句子。根据其作用可分为时间、地点、原因、条件、目的、结果、让步、方式和比较等从句。状语从句一般由连词(从属连词)引导,也可以由词组引起。从句位于句首或句中时通常用逗号与主句隔开,位于句尾时可以不用逗号隔开。

今天给大家介绍原因结果状语从句。

国外烤鸭看这里:

国内烤鸭看下面:

原因状语从句

阅读鉴赏:

Why isn’t the man fixing the leaky roof?

Because he can’t fix it if it rains, and needn’t if it doesn’t rain.

 

引导原因状语从句的从属连词:

because of

due to                  +  词/短语

owing to

on account of

as a result of

 

because

for

since (as)

In that                  + 句子

now that

seeing that

considering that

given that

 

翻译练习:

由于他粗心,我们出车祸了。

We had an accident because he was careless.

We had an accident due to his carelessness.

Owing to his carelessness we had an accident.

 

因为他病了,所以他就没来。

Because he is ill, so he is absent today.(错)

Because he is ill, he is absent today.

 

翻译练习

Don’t cry because it is over, but smile because it happened.

I don’t love her because she is beautiful.

我不爱她因为她美。

我不是因为她美才爱她的。

I love her not because she is beautiful.

翻译练习

I don’t study English just because it is so difficult.

I don’t study English just because I like to.

 

Exam link

He doesn’t exercise because he likes to.

A. He likes to exercise by himself.

B. He exercises for reasons other than enjoyment.

C. He’s glad he doesn’t have to exercise.

D. He doesn’t have enough time to exercise.

I didn’t write that memo to the department chair to amuse myself.

A. I wrote a funny letter to the department chair.

B. I don’t think the department will write me a letter.

C. The department chair was amused by my letter.

D. I wrote to the department chair about a serious mater.

 

结果状语从句

阅读鉴赏

One woman said to another, “My daughter is so smart that she was walking at 7 months old!” The other replied, “That is no big deal. My son was so clever at that age he made us carry him.”

引导结果状语从句的从属连词:

So … that

Such … that

So + 形容词 that

And home appliance will also become so smart that controlling and operating them will result in the breakout of a new psychological disorder-kitchen rage.

So+ 副词+that

The newly described languages were often so strikingly different from the well studied languages of Europe and Southeast Asia that some scholars even accused Boas and Sapir of fabricating their data.

 

So+ 分词+that

However, the world is so made that elegant systems are in principle unable to deal with some of the world’s more fascinating and delightful aspects.

 

Such +名词+that

Diplomats and crabs are creatures who move in such a way that it is impossible to tell whether they are coming or going.

Such that  =  so+ adj/adv+ that

His anger was such that he lost control of himself.

His anger was so explosive that he lost control of himself.

翻译练习

天气真热,我们只能呆在有空调的地方。

The weather is so hot that we can only stay in air-conditioned places.

The weather is such that we can only stay in air-conditioned places.

 

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