状语从句 （Adverbial Clause） 状语从句指句子用作状语时，起副词作用的句子。它可以修饰谓语、非谓语动词、定语、状语或整个句子。根据其作用可分为时间、地点、原因、条件、目的、结果、让步、方式和比较等从句。状语从句一般由连词(从属连词)引导，也可以由词组引起。从句位于句首或句中时通常用逗号与主句隔开，位于句尾时可以不用逗号隔开。
Why isn’t the man fixing the leaky roof?
Because he can’t fix it if it rains, and needn’t if it doesn’t rain.
due to + 词/短语
on account of
as a result of
In that + 句子
We had an accident because he was careless.
We had an accident due to his carelessness.
Owing to his carelessness we had an accident.
Because he is ill, so he is absent today.（错）
Because he is ill, he is absent today.
Don’t cry because it is over, but smile because it happened.
I don’t love her because she is beautiful.
I love her not because she is beautiful.
I don’t study English just because it is so difficult.
I don’t study English just because I like to.
He doesn’t exercise because he likes to.
A. He likes to exercise by himself.
B. He exercises for reasons other than enjoyment.
C. He’s glad he doesn’t have to exercise.
D. He doesn’t have enough time to exercise.
I didn’t write that memo to the department chair to amuse myself.
A. I wrote a funny letter to the department chair.
B. I don’t think the department will write me a letter.
C. The department chair was amused by my letter.
D. I wrote to the department chair about a serious mater.
One woman said to another, “My daughter is so smart that she was walking at 7 months old!” The other replied, “That is no big deal. My son was so clever at that age he made us carry him.”
So … that
Such … that
So + 形容词 that
And home appliance will also become so smart that controlling and operating them will result in the breakout of a new psychological disorder-kitchen rage.
The newly described languages were often so strikingly different from the well studied languages of Europe and Southeast Asia that some scholars even accused Boas and Sapir of fabricating their data.
However, the world is so made that elegant systems are in principle unable to deal with some of the world’s more fascinating and delightful aspects.
Diplomats and crabs are creatures who move in such a way that it is impossible to tell whether they are coming or going.
Such that = so+ adj/adv+ that
His anger was such that he lost control of himself.
His anger was so explosive that he lost control of himself.
The weather is so hot that we can only stay in air-conditioned places.
The weather is such that we can only stay in air-conditioned places.