PTE听力练习54-老托93-human evolution

PTE考生目前最大的问题之一就是练习题缺乏。除了有限的基本官方书(PLUS,Testbuilder, OG)之外就没有题了。很多英语基础不是很扎实的同学很难找到练习材料。墨尔本文波雅思PTE培训学校专门为墨尔本,悉尼PTE考生准备了PTE练习的lecture 93篇。各位PTE同学可以练习阅读,练习记笔记技巧,可以练习复述,甚至可以练习describe image。废话少说,下面开始:


Well, if there are no more questions, I would like to continue our discussion of human evolution by looking at Homo erectus, the earliest of our ancestors who stood upright. Homo erectus lived about one and a half million years ago and was given that name because, at the time the first fossil was discovered, it represented the first primate to stand upright. There is evidence now that Homo erectus had sharper mental skills than their predecessors. They constructed the first standardized tool for hunting and butchering. They created an extraordinary stone implement, a large teardrop-shaped hand ax whose design and symmetry reveal a keen sense of aesthetics. This detailing, along with the ax’s utilitarian value, strongly suggests that Homo erectus had the ability to conceive of and execute a design to specification. In addition, Homo erectus was the first hominid to use fire. This discovery enticed them to cook meat, which they could flavor and keep from spilling by flame, and which paleontologists now believe may have given them a new disease. Some fossil bones of Homo erectus are grossly deformed, and paleontologists have noted that this condition is similar to that found in people today who have been exposed to chronic overdoses of vitamin A. Apparently Homo erectus first got this disease by eating large amounts of animal liver.

【生词摘录】
1. primate: n. [C]灵长类动物
2. mental: adj. 智力的
3. predecessor: n. [C]祖先,祖辈
4. standardized: adj. 标准化的
5. butcher: v. [C]屠宰,屠杀
6. implement: n. [C]工具,器具
7. teardrop: n. [C]泪珠
8. ax: n. [C]斧头
9. keen: adj. 敏锐的,锋利的
10. aesthetics: n. [C]美学
11. detailing: n. [C]详细设计,细节设计
12. utilitarian: adj. 实用的,功利主义的
13. conceive: v. 构思,设想
14. specification: n. [C]规范
15. hominid: n. [C]原始人类
16. entice: v. 诱惑,诱使
17. flavor: v. 加调料
18. spill: v. 溢出
19. paleontologist: n. [C]古生物学家
20. grossly: adv. 非常
21. deform: v. 变形
22. chronic: adj. 慢性的,长期的
23. overdose: n. [C]服药过量
24. liver: n. [C]肝脏

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