雅思语法之:倒装句(inversion)–墨尔本文波雅思


墨尔本文波雅思为大家视频讲解倒装句的相关语法应用。

 

  • 什么叫倒装?
  • 全部谓语放在主语之前
  •            全部倒装
  • 只将助动词或情态动词放到主语之前
  •            部分倒装
  •  

(一) 全部倒装

1 用于there be句型

2.表示地点时间的状语在句首时,
(here, there, under, below, now, then)
全部倒装

  • 车来了。
  • Here comes the bus.
  • 给你。  
  • Here you are.
  • Here it is.
  •  代词作主语时,
  • 主谓语序不变。
  • 倒装
  • 山上有座庙。
  • There is a temple on the hill.
  • On the hill  is a temple.
  • On the hill lies a temple.
  • 倒装
  • 庙里有个老和尚。
  • There is a monk in the temple.
  • In the temple lives a monk.
  • 倒装
  • 门后面有条狗。
  • There is a dog behind the door.
  • Behind the door is a dog.
  • Behind the door sleeps a dog.
  • 倒装

墙上挂了一幅画。

There is a picture on the wall.

There is a picture on the  wall.

On the wall hangs a picture.

  • So
  • I like games.
  • So do I.
  • He likes games.
  • So does he.
  • I liked games.
  • So did I.
  • Neither
  • I don’t like homework.
  • Neither do I.
  • He doesn’t like homework.
  • Neither does he.
  • I didn’t like homework.
  • Neither did I.

3. so, nor, neither开头表示“也”时

 

(二)部分倒装

  • Only then did I begin to know her.
  • Only in this way can you learn English well.
  • 1Only修饰的状语提前时。
  • Never before have I seen it.
  • By no means will I do it.
  • 2.表否定意义的词位于句首时 never, hardly, seldom, scarcely, little, few, at no time, by no means, nowhere, not a bit.
  • Not until then did I realize that I was wrong.
  • 3.句首为:
  • not only … but also,
  • not until,
  • no sooner… than,
  • hardly… when
  • Clever as he is , he didn’t pass the exam.
  • 4.as 引导的让步从句,

谓语动词以后的部分倒装,

提前到as 之前.

  • 翻译练习
  • 尽管外面天气很好,我还是不愿出去。
  • Fine as it is, I won’t  go out.
  • 尽管他工作努力,却没有多少进步。
  • Hard as he worked, he made little progress.
  • 尽管他还是个孩子,他知道的很多。
  • Child as he is, he knows a lot.
  • 5.省略了if的条件句中,were, had 或 should

可提前,部分倒装

Exam link:

Little _____ about her own safety, though she herself was in great danger.

A. she cared B. she may care   C. may she care D. did she care

 

Nowhere else in the world _____ more friendly people than in China.

A. you will find               B. can you be able to find

C. you may have found    D. can you find

 

Hardly _____ when it started raining.

A. the game had begun      B. the game began

C. did the game begin       D. had the game begun

 

He listened so carefully that not a single word _______.

A. be missed              B. did he miss

C. he never missed         D. did he never miss

 

____ he realized it was too late to return home.

A. No sooner it grew dark when     B. Hardly it grew dark than

C. Hardly did it grow dark when      D. It was not until dark that

 

Not only ____ polluted but ______ crowded.

A. was the city; were the streets     B. the city was ; were the streets

C. the city was; the streets were      D. was the city; the streets were

发表评论

电子邮件地址不会被公开。 必填项已用*标注