雅思写作语法视频之:定语从句–雅思写作7分语法

墨尔本文波雅思为大家视频讲解定语从句的相关语法应用。定语从句指的是在复合句中充当定语成分的一个句子,由关系词引导。其中,关系代词有who, whom, which,that, whose,
关系副词有when, where, why.


 

提示:绝对没有what!

 

After a whole day of hard work, all what he wanted was a nice meal & a good rest. 是错误的哦!

 

定语从句的重要意义!

Yesterday I ran into an old friend.

 

I hadn’t seen him for years.

 

Yesterday I ran into an old friend (whom/ that) I hadn’t seen for years.

 

一、        限定性定语从句

 

1)that 可以代替其他关系词如who, whom, which用于指人或物,但绝不能代替whose.

 

2)当关系词充当从句中的宾语成分时,可以省略,但充当主语时不能省。

 

经典例句:

This is the book you were looking for.

Tom is a boy who always tells lies.

3) 必须用that引导的定语从句 (that有时可以省略):

 

1.  noun= any              body

some     one

every thing

no                   where

 

all/ much/ none/one

 

All is not gold that glitters.

2. noun = …est

The only

The 1st

The last

The next

The very

The right

This is the very book (that) I need.

 

小结:当that做定语从句的宾语时,可以省略。

 

④as也可引导限定性定语从句, 先行名词被so, as, such, the same修饰,从句的引导词用as

I have never seen such a boring guy as he is before.

This is exactly the same camera as (that) I have lost.

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