看新闻学英语:美国禁止ZTE中兴购买电子通讯零部件

众所周知,科技、科学、AI都是PTE的重点考试背景,今天墨尔本文波PTE的小编就位大家带来有关科技的一篇CNN新闻,这篇新闻里面有很多的短语词汇都是相应考试背景下常出现的词汇,各位不熟科技、科学等背景的同学可以前排小板凳搬好记笔记啦!

The United States has cracked down on one of China’s biggest tech companies, banning it from buying components from American firms.

crack down on/upon: 镇压、制裁 (这里表示美国对中兴购买零部件的打压)

ban:禁止

ban/prohibit/inhibit/forbid 这四个词都有禁止的意思,但使用的场合大不相同

inhibition n.禁止,阻止,禁止,抑制
解析:【同】inhibition,prohibit, ban, forbid

inhibition抑制,阻止
Some drugs can cause the inhibition of normal bodily activity.
某些药物能抑制正常的身体功能。

prohibit指通过颁布法令来绝对禁止某事物;

Prohibit the sale of alcoholic beverages.
禁止出售含酒精的饮料。

ban也是通过权威性的禁止来禁止,ban还带有一种社会谴责的意味;

The new military government has banned strikes and demonstrations.
新的军人政府禁止罢工和示威活动。

The union has imposed a ban on overtime.
工会制定了超时加班的禁令。

forbid 指绝对禁止,希望人们能遵守政府的意愿.

The new law forbids smoking in offices.
新法律禁止在办公室抽烟。

The move Monday by the US Commerce Department against ZTE (ZTCOF), which sells smartphones and other telecommunications equipment around the world, comes amid a tense clash between the United States and China over trade and technology.

amid:prep. 在其中,在其间

tense clash:激烈冲突

But instead of punishing those involved, “ZTE paid full bonuses to employees that had engaged in illegal conduct, and failed to issue letters of reprimand,” the Commerce Department said in a statement.

As a result, the department said it has imposed a seven-year export ban on ZTE, forbidding American companies from selling parts and providing services to it.

ZTE’s smartphones use microchips from Qualcomm (QCOM) and glass from Corning (CNIG).

ZTE said in a brief statement Tuesday that it is aware of the US ban.

“At present, the company is assessing the full range of potential implications that this event has on the company and is communicating with relevant parties proactively in order to respond accordingly,” it said.

impose:

  • vi. 利用;欺骗;施加影响
  • vt. 强加;征税;以…欺骗

proactive:

adj. 前摄的(前一活动中的因素对后一活动造成影响的);有前瞻性的,先行一步的;积极主动的

The company’s shares were suspended from trading in Hong Kong on Tuesday following the US announcement.

suspend: vt. 延缓,推迟;使暂停;使悬浮

这篇文章涉及到的词汇都是PTE中常见且容易出现误区的词汇。想要挑战原文的同学请点击:

http://money.cnn.com/2018/04/17/technology/zte-china-us-phones-ban/index.html

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