阅读词汇老大难 之 词根

同学们常常会忽视了词根root这一重要概念,今天带着大家了解一些常见的词根

上几篇文章里和同学们分享了常见的英语前缀prefix和后缀suffix,后缀决定词性,前缀和词根就往往决定了单词的意思!同学们常常会忽视了词根root这一重要概念,今天带着大家了解一些常见的词根,相信会对大家的词汇量有不少的提升,甚至遇到不熟悉的词也能大致猜出其含义!

brev, bri, brief, 含义是“短” brief, abbreviation, abridge(节略)

cap, capt, cept, cip, 含义是“取,获” capture, except, concept, capacity

ced, ceed, cess, 含义是“行,让步” proceed, succeed, excess(过度)

clos, clud, 含义是“闭合” conclude, enclose, include

col, cult, 含义是“耕耘” colony, cultivate, agriculture

 

dic, dict, 含义是“说,示” dictate, edit, indicate, predict

end, fens, 含义是“打,击” defence, offence

firm, 含义是“坚固” firm, confirm, affirm(断定)

 

hab, habit, hibit, 含义是“保持,住” inhabit, exhibit, prohibit

ject, jet, 含义是“抛射” project, inject

jug, junct, 含义是“结合,连合” conjunction, junction(连合)

long, leng, ling, 含义是“长的” length, prolong, linger

 

phon, 含义是“声音” symphony, telephone, microphone

rupt, 含义是“破坏,毁坏” eruption, bankrupt, corruption

sci, 含义是“认识,知识” science, conscious

spec, spect, spitc, spis, 含义是“看,视” inspect, spectator, conspicuous, respect

temp, tens, 含义是“时间,时机” tense, contemporary, temporal

us, ut, 含义是“用,使用” usable, utilize, abuse

 

vac, van, 含义是“空,虚” vacancy, vanity, evacuate(清空)

vad, vas, wad, 含义是“走,去” invade, wade, evade(逃避)

vers, vert, 含义是“旋转,反转” convert, inversion(倒转),reverse, divert(使转向)

vid, vis, vey, view, 含义是“观看,看见” television, visible, evident, interview

viv, vit, 含义是“生,活” vivid, vital, survival,

 

最后提醒同学们PTE阅读最关键的就是词汇,还是建议下载一个‘百词斩’的背单词软件,给自己设定一个目标,从六级核心词汇开始背起,每天坚持打卡积累词汇量,这样大家在阅读中的成功率就会大大提升!

发表评论

电子邮件地址不会被公开。 必填项已用*标注